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Full text of "Annual catalogue"

STATE. 
NORMAL 




VALLEY CITY. N.D. 



Twenty-First Year 

New Series — Volume Four — Number Ten 
Catalogue Number Twenty-One 



MONTHLY BULLETIN OF THE 

§>M? Nurmal $rtpuil 

VALLEY CITY, NORTH DAKOTA 

Containing the Nineteenth Annual Report for the 
Scholastic Year 1910-11, with General 
Announcements for the Year 1911-12 



Entered at the Postoffice, Valley City, North Dakota, as 
second-class matter, under Act of Congress, July, 1894. 




JUNE, 1911 



V UBLISH ED MONTHLY 6 X C E P T Jl U G U S T 



31$ 



Calendar 



FALL TERM, 1911 

Entrance Examination and Registration. .. .Tuesday, September 26 

Regular Work Begins Wednesday, September 27 

Thanksgiving Thursday, November 23 

Fall Term Closes Saturday, December 16 

WINTER TERM, 1912 

Examination and Registration Tuesday, January 2 

Regular Work Begins Wednesday, January 3 

Brownson Prize Open Meetings of Literary Societiess 

Tuesday to Friday, February 13 to 16 

Washington's Birthday Wednesday, February 22 

Winter Term Closes Saturday, March 23 

SPRING TERM, 1912 

Term Opens Tuesday, April 2 

Final Inter-Society Debate Friday, April 12 

Arbor Day As Appointed by the Governor 

Memorial Day Thursday, May 30 

Term Closes Friday, June 21 

COMMENCEMENT, 1912 

Baccalaureate Address Sunday Evening, June 16 

Exercises of the Practice School Monday Evening, June 17 

Fourteenth Junior Exhibition Tuesday Evening, June 18 

Recital of Music Departments "Wednesday, Evening June 19 

Eighteenth Commencement Thursday Morning, June 20 

Alumni Reception Thursday Noon, June 20 

Distribution of Prizes and Reports Friday Morning, June 21 

SUMMER SCHOOL, 1*12 
Term Opens Thursday, June 27 



State Board of Normal School 
Trustees. 



E. J. Taylor, President 

R. M. Rish worth, Vice-President 

F. A. Willson, Secretary . 
Hugh McDonald 
Martin Jacobson 

S. H. Taylor 
H. A. Nelson 



Bismarck 

McClusky 

Bathgate 

Valley City 

Minot 

. Mayville 

. Ray 



ADVISORY MEMBERS 



Geo. A. McFarland 
Thos. A. Hillyer 



For Valley City 
For Mayville 



Faculty, 



GEORGE^A. McFARLAND, A. M. President 
(Hiram College) 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION 

ANDREW P. HOLLIS. M. S. 
(University of Wisconsin, Oswego Normal School) 

VICE PRESIDENT AND SUPERVISOR OF PRACTICE 

LURA L. PERRINE, A. B. 

(Albion College) 

CUSTODIAN OF MUSEUM 

Department of Natural Science. 

lynn b. Mcmullen, b. s. 

(DePauw University) 

PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY 

MORRIS JOHNSON, A. B. 
(University of North Dakota: State Normal School, Valley City) 

BOTANY AND ZOOLOGY 

JESSE E. SWITZER, A. B. 
Chicago University, State Normal School, Mt. Pleasant 

GEOGRAPHY 

GRACE SCHERMERHORN 

(Teachers' Training School, Springfield, Illinois; Student University 

of Chicago) 

ASSISTANT IN GEOGRAPHY 

BESSIE L. ASHTON, B. S. 
(Chicago University; Kalamazoo Normal School) 

ASSISTANT IN GEOGRAPHY 

LURA L. PERRINE, A. B. 
(Albion College) 

GEOLOGY 

Department of English. 

*CHARLTON ANDREWS, Ph. B. 
(DePauw University; Student Universities of Chicago and Paris) 
Fellow Harvard University 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

*jennie b. McGregor, a. b. 

(University of Minnesota; Graduate Student Chicago University) 

ENGLISH GRAMMAR 



* Leave of absence 1910-11. 



**UNA B. HERRICK 
(Kelso School of Music and Dramatic Art) 

READING AND EXPRESSION 

***ALICE W. BENHAM, A. B. 

(Cornell University; Cortland Normal School) 

READING AND EXPRESSION 

MAUDE BELLE RICE 
(Washington College of Oratory; Student Washington College of Law) 

FIRST YEAR RHETORICALS 

Department of Mathematics. 

JULIUS B. MEYER, M. S. 
(Purdue University; Student University of Chicago) 

MATHEMATICS 

GEORGE R. DAVIES, A. B. 

(Iowa College) 

ARITHMETIC 

HENRY W. LEVER, B. S. 
(Ohio University) 

ALGEBRA AND ATHLETICS 

ELSIE HADLEY WHITE, M. S. 
(University of Michigan) 

ALGEBRA AND ARITHMETIC 



Department of History and Social Science. 

WILLIAM M. WEMETT, Ph. B.; A. M. 

(Syracuse University) 

HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

FLORENCE HILL, Ph. B. 
(University of Chicago; State Normal School, Oshkosh) 

ASSISTANT IN HISTORY 

Department of Languages. 

CORA M. RAWLINS, A. M. 

(Northwestern University) 

GERMAN 

BLANCHE FRIDD, A. B. 

(University of Wisconsin; State Normal School, Valley City) 

** Resigned December, 1910. 
*** Since January 4, 1911. 



Department of Theoretical and Practical Pedagogy. 

HUGH S. BUFFUM, Ph. D. 
(University of Iowa) 

EDUCATIONAL THEORY 

Department of Mental and Moral Science. 

GEORGE B. RANDELS, Ph. D. 
(University of Pennsylvania) 

PSYCHOLOGY 

Department of Domestic Science and Art. 

NELLIE W. FARNSWORTH 

(Stout Training School; State Normal School, River Falls) 

DOMESTIC SCIENCE 

NELLIE V. SPENSLEY 
(Stout Training School) 

SEWING 

MABEL L. MacDONALD 

(Stout Training School) 

ASSISTANT IN DOMESTIC SCIENCE 

Department of Manual Training. 

FRANK H. SELDEN 
(State Normal School Clarion) 

MANUAL TRAINING 

ROY H. CROSS 
(State Normal School Valley City) 

STUDENT ASSISTANT IN MANUAL TRAINING 

Department of Physical Education. 

THOMAS W. BURCKHALTER 

(Springfield School of Physical Education) 

DIRECTOR FOR MEN 

CHARLOTTE REY BURCKHALTER 

(Student Wellesley College) 

DIRECTOR FOR WOMEN 

MAUDE BELLE RICE 

ASSISTANT IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION 



Department of Commercial Studies. 

C. C. CURTISS, A. M. 

(Hamilton College) 

PENMANSHIP AND BOOKKEEPING 

ANNIE S. GREENWOOD 

STENOGRAPHY AND BOOKKEEPING 

ANNA K. COOK 
(State Normal School, Valley City) 

PENMANSHIP AND COMMERCIAL CORRESPONDENCE 

Department of Public School Music. 

FANNY C. AMIDON 
(New England Conservatory of Music; Institute of Musical Art) 

SINGING 

MILLIE J. FRISTAD 
(State Normal School, Valley City) 

ASSISTANT IN SINGING 

Department of Public School Art. 

MARY G. DEEM, M. C. L. 
(Hillsboro College; Student Teachers College) 

PUBLIC SCHOOL ART 

VERA BASSETT 
Chicago Art Institute; State Normal School, Valley City 

ASSISTANT IN PUBLIC SCHOOL ART 

Department of Agriculture. 

McNEAL C. JAMES, A. B., B. S. 
(University of Illinois: State Normal School, Normal) 

AGRICULTURE 

CLARENCE HENRY, B. S. 

Pennsylvania State College 

ASSISTANT IN AGRICULTURE 

Department of Rural School Studies. 

B. A. WALLACE 

(State Normal School, Winona) 

KATRINE B. MacDONALD, A. B., A. M. 

(University of North Dakota; State Normal School, Mayville) 
Post-Graduate Student, Chicago University 

EULA J. MILLER 
(State Normal School, Moorhead) 



The Library. 



MABEL G. WEST, B. L. S. 
(University of Illinois) 

LIBRARY SCIENCE 

LILLIAN M. PARTRIDGE 

ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN 

Additional Teachers for Summer School. 

JOHN A. JOHNSON, A. B. 
,'University of North Dakota; State Normal School, Valley City) 

GEOMETRY AND ALGEBRA 

C. V. PIERCE, A. B. 
(University of Minnesota) 

ENGLISH GRAMMAR 

GEORGE F. FORSTER, A. B. 

(Amherst College) 

CIVICS AND HISTORY 

ORLA A. BARTON 
(State Normal School, Oswego) 

ARITHMETIC 

ROSALIE POLLOCK 

PRIMARY METHODS 

SARA ROBERTS FLINN 

PRIMARY METHODS 

Practice Department. 

ANDREW P. HOLLIS, M. S. 

SUPERVISOR 

♦ALICE J. FISHER 
(School of Education, Chicago; State Normal School, Valley City) 

CRITIC, GRADES FIRST AND SECOND 

FRANCES C. PORTMAN 
(Chicago Kindergarten College) 

KINDERGARTNER 

EULA J. MILLER 
(State Normal School, Moorhead) 

CRITIC, GRADES FIRST AND SECOND 

MARGARET C. BURNS 
(State Normal School, Oswego) 

CRITIC, GRADES THIRD AND FOURTH 



* Leave of absence 1910-11. 



LORA LEVENS, Ph. B. 

CRITIC, GRADES FIFTH AND SIXTH 

SUSAN W. NORTON, A. B. 

(Vassar College; State Normal School, Peru) 

CRITIC, GRADES SEVENTH AND EIGHTH 

CANDIS NELSON, A. M. 
(University of Nebraska) 

GENERAL CRITIC 

FANNY C. AMIDON 

SUPERVISOR OF MUSIC 

MARY G. DEEM 

SUPERVISOR OF DRAWING 

C. C. CURTISS 

SUPERVISOR OF PENMANSHIP 

CHARLOTTE REY BURCKHALTER 

SUPERVISOR OF PHYSICAL CULTURE 

Department of Music. 

HOWARD ELSON GOODSELL 

(Dean) 

VOICE 

JEANNETTE DEDRICK 

VOICE 

KNUTE FROYSAA 
(Graduate of Seminary of Christensand) 

VIOLIN 

MABEL E. UNDERWOOD, B. Mus. 
(Hedding College; Graduate Chicago Musical College) 

PIANO 

LILLIAN G. HEALY 
(New England Conservatory of Music; State Normal School, Valley 

City) 

PIANO 

FANNY C. AMIDON 

HISTORY OF MUSIC 



Organization of the Faculty. 



George A. McFarland 
Andrew P. Hollis 
Annie S. Greenwood 
Lura L. Perrine 
Morris Johnson 
Mabel G. West . 
Lillian M. Partridge 



President 

. Vice-President 

Secretary 

Curator of Museum 

Assistant Curator 

Librarian 

Assistant Librarian 



B. I. Greenlee 
Jennie McDonald 
Elizabeth Tullius 
Phoebe Hudson . 
Harlow Sherburne 
Lena Schmidt 



Office. 



Secretary 

Registrar 

Information Bureau 

Stenographer 

Office Boy 

Custodian Book Store 



Mrs. W. Gilbert 



Dormitories. 



Matron 



Other Employees. 



John Sad 
Fred Colbey 
Chas. F. Milner 
Eugene Fletcher 
Marshall Duncan 
M. Mickelson 
Olivia Larson 
Hans Anderson 
Hans Thompson 
George Rathenhoven 
Ole Jacobson 
Herman Norman 
Ole Brekke . 
Allen Williams 



Head Janitor and Custodian of Buildings 
Superintendent of Grounds 
Engineer 
Janitor 
Janitor 
Janitor 
Janitress 
Fireman 
Fireman 
Mechanic 
Carpenter 
Teamster 
Laborer 
Laborer 




The Purpose of the Institution. 

'HE State Normal School at Valley City, North Da- 
kota, is maintained by the State for the purpose of 
training teachers. The curriculum and regulations 
of the school are formulated, therefore, with a 
direct reference to this double purpose — the instruction and 
training of teachers. The studies are selected with reference 
to their pedagogical value. It is not the aim to give a mere 
academic view of them. The school does aim to give the 
students a teacher's view of each subject, in order that he 
may be efficient in the education of others. 

The teacher's knowledge is three-fold: first, of subject 
matter; second, a knowledge of the subject to be taught; 
third, a knowledge of methods of procedure; this to be ac- 
quired as an art in the training school. These are the three 
ends, but to make these three ends efficient, the school takes 
great pains that all candidates for its diploma are persons of 
high character. 

General View of the Courses of Study. 

1. The ten-and-a-half -montti s Course for Rural School 
Teachers, requiring for entrance, completion of the eighth 
grade and age 17 years, leading to a second grade elementary 
certificate. 

2. The Four Year Elementary Course for Eighth Grade 
graduates, requiring for entrance, completion of the eighth 
grade or holding of a teacher's certificate. The diploma for 
this course is accredited as a professional certificate of the 
second grade for two years. When the holder has nine months' 
successful experience in teaching he shall be entitled to a 
second grade professional certificate valid for five years. 

3. The One-Year Elementary Course for High School 
graduates. Only graduates of first class High Schools, or 
those having 45 credits as shown by state completion cer- 
tificates, are admitted to this course, which requires 15 term 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

units for completion. The diploma from this course is ac- 
credited as a professional certificate of the second grade for 
two years. After nine month's successful teaching, the 
holder receives a second grade professional certificate, valid 
for five years. 

4. The Five-Year Advanced Course for Eighth Grade 
graduates. Completion of the eighth grade is required for 
admission and the course includes 12 term units in addition 
to the four-year Elementary course. See details of this 
Course on pag^e 17. The diploma granted at the completion 
of this course is accredited as a second grade professional 
certificate for two years, and w r hen the holder has had nine 
month's successful experience in teaching, he is entitled to 
a second grade professional certificate, valid for life. 

5. The Two-Year Advanced Course for High School 
graduates. This Course is open to graduates of High Schools 
of first class, or students from other High Schools who have 
45 credits as shown by state completion certificates. It con- 
sists of one-year elementary course for High School graduates 
and 12 term credits to be made from the list of subjects 
shown on page 17. 

6. The Two-Year Special Courses for High School gradu- 
ates. Special courses are offered in : 

Domestic Science. 

Manual Training. 

Commercial Subjects. 

Kindergarten. 

Music. 

Drawing. . 

A combined course of Music and Drawing. 

Physical Education. 

These special courses are offered only to High School grad- 
uates or students from High Schools who can present 45 credits 
as show T n by state completion certificates. A special diploma 
is granted upon the completion of anyone of these courses, 
which after nine months' successful experience in teaching 
entitles the holder to a second grade professional certificate, 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



valid for life, and authorizes the holder to teach the special 
subject covered by his course of study. 

7. The One-Year Special Courses for graduates of Normal 
Schools. Graduates of this school or others of equal rank 
may be admitted to the special courses mentioned in Group 6 
without being required to take the professional work embraced 
in these courses. They may, therefore, expect to complete 
the two-year special course in one year. 

Courses In Detail. 



Course I. Rural School Course. Ten and one-half 
months. 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Summer 


Reading 


Language and 


Language and 


Civics 


Geography 


Grammar 


Grammar 


Physiology 


El. Agriculture 


Geography 


Arithmetic 


and Hygiene 


U. S. History 


El. Agriculture 


El. Agriculture 


Arithmetic 


Singing 


El. Pedagogy 


El. Pedagogy 


El. Pedagogy 


Penmanship 


U. S. History 


Including 


Including 


Phys. Culture 


Spelling 


Observation 


Practice 


Twice a week) 


Physical Culture 


Drawing 


Physical Culture 




(Twice a week) 


Word Analysis 
Physical Culture 
(Twice a week) 





The State Normal School has only recently recognized 
the fact that the Rural School Teacher has conditions and 
problems to confront that the grade teacher in town does not 
have. The State Legislature has recently authorized a 
special course for the training of Rural School teachers. 
This course may be completed, at present, in ten and one- 
half months. It is expected, however, that before long, the 
course will be lengthened. Those who now complete it re- 
ceive a second grade certificate. Later, if they return to the 
Normal School for a more extensive course, they will receive 
one year's credit upon either the four or five year course. 
The course is administered by special instructors whose ex- 
perience with Rural Schools entitles them to leadership in 
such work. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 



Course II. The Four-year Elementary Course. 
FIRST YEAR 



Fall 



* Arithmetic 
<% Algebra 

" Geography 

* Reading 

* Agriculture 



Winter 



* Arithmetic 

•Algebra 

*Geography 

T Singing &' Pen 'ship 
Agriculture 



Spring 



t- Grammar 
"Algebra 
•Geography 
""Singing & Pen' 
Agriculture 



ship 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 



" Rhetoric 
Elective 
** Grammar 
\Plane Geometry 
*- Dra wing and Chorus 



Winter 



'Rhetoric 
Elective 



^American History * American History 
Plane Geom^t™- xq^i,-/i n~~~~~± J 



"Plane Geometry 
■^Drawing and Chorus 



"Rhetoric 
Elective 



Spring 



s Solid Geometry 
^Drawing and Chorus 



THIRD YEAR 



Fall 

* Zoology or Botany 
> General History 
-" Psychology 
•■■•Civics 

Elective 



Winter 



Zoology or Botany 
""General History 
""Psychology 
^English Literature 

Elective 



Spring 



-.Physiology 
-♦General History 

'Psychology 

English Literature 

Elective 



FOURTH YEAR 



Fall 



- Physics 

^ School Management 

Review Grammar 
•Practice 
••General Methods 

(6 weeks) 
— Penmanship Method 
(6 weeks) 



Winter 



Physics 

History of Education 
Review Arithmetic 
^Practice 
Reading Methods 
(6 weeks) 
^Singing Methods 
(6 weeks) 



Spring 



"Physics 
* Philosophy of 
, Education 

T~Review Geography 
f "Practice 
|-Review History 



The above outline shows how a student mav start in the 
*all term of the first year and complete all studies of the 
Elementary course in four years. But students may start 
any term, as all the studies of the first year are offered each 
term. It is best, however, to begin in the Fall term, since the 
second and third year studies begin only in the Fall term 

The intending student will notice that six electives are 
permitted in this course. This means that he mav, where 
electives are indicated, select his studies from any of the 
subjects offered in the institution. In addition to the studies 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



mentioned in the above outline, he may take six units in the 
Commercial branches, or six terms in Domestic Science, or 
six terms' work in Manual Training, or any combination of 
these studies. It is recommended, however, that he take all 
of his electives in one line of work. The student is also re- 
minded that he should begin any such course of electives as 
soon as possible in his school career, and as may be arranged 
for him by his faculty adviser. It w T ill be observed that the 
student has two full years of electives, and if he chooses to 
remain in the school five years and take either the advanced 
or one of the special courses, he may prosecute his special 
electives through three years. 

It is required that the student presented for graduation 
have 60 term credits, 54 of which are required as indicated in 
the outline, the remaining six he may elect from the following 
list: Latin, German, wSocial Science, Manual Training, 
Domestic Science, English Literature, Expression, Commercial 
Study, Sciences, Advanced Agriculture. 

Course III. One-Year Elementary Course for High 
School Graduates. 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Psychology 
Review Grammar 
School Management 
General and 
Penmanship Methods 
Practice 


Psychology 
Review Arithmetic 
History of Education 
Reading and 

Singing Methods 
Practice 


Psychology 
Review Geography 
Philosophy of 

Education 
Review History 
Practice 



The One-Year Elementary Course for Graduates of High 
Schools consists of the work indicated just above. In all, 15 
term credits, all of which are required. Every study is offered 
every term, so that a High School graduate may enter any 
term in the year and complete the course after three term's 
attendance. Two Summer Schools count as one term. No 
work done in High School is accepted as a substitute for any 
of the work in this course. Standings will be accepted, how- 
ever, from similar Normal Schools. 

Course IV. The Five-year Advanced Course for Eighth 
Grade Graduates. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 



First, second and third years of this course are the same 
as for Course 2, (The Elementary Four-year Course). The 
fourth and fifth years might be arranged as follows: 

FOURTH YEAR 



Fall 



Physics 

School Management 

General Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Penmanship Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Advanced Psychology 
Elective 



Winter 



Physics 

History of Education 
Reading Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Singing Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Advanced Psychology 
Elective 



Spring 



Physics 
Philosophy of 

Education 
Review History 



Advanced Psychology 
Elective 



FIFTH YEAR 



Fall 



School Administration 
Review Grammar 
Practice Teaching 
Elective 



Winter 



School Administration 
Review Arithmetic 
Practice Teaching 
Elective 



Spring 



School Administration 
Review Geography 
Practice Teaching 
Elective 



Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics and Aesthetics may 
be elected in place of either Advanced Psychology or School 
Administration. This Course is what might be called a 
strictly Professional or Teachers Course. 

It should be noticed that students of this course have 
the six electives provided for in the four year course and in 
addition, four of the following three term studies: 

1. Advanced American History 3 credits. 

2. Modern European History 3 credits. 

3. Advanced Algebra 3 credits. 

4. Trigonometry and Surveying 3 credits. 

5. Advanced Physics 3 credits. 

6. School Administration 3 credits. 

7. Advanced Psychology 3 credits. 

8. German 3 credits. 

9. Latin 3 credits. 

in. Advanced English 3 credits. 

11. Economic Biology 3 credits. 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



12. Economic Geography 3 credits. 

13. Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, 

and Aesthetics 3 credits. 

The student should consult with his Faculty Adviser, 
when entering upon the Five-year Course, regarding his 
electives. They should be chosen from courses that support 
each other. The total number of credits required for gradua- 
tion from the five year course is 72, 18 or one -fourth of which 
are elective. 

The student must, however, elect two courses out of 
courses 6, 7, 13. By this arrangement the student may 
specialize to a comparative degree by electing his 18 terms 
work in English, or Science (beyond the required Science), or 
Mathematics or Languages as his interest may dictate. 

Course V. The Two-year Advanced Course for High 
School Graduates. 

It might be tabulated as follows : 

FIRST YEAR 



Fall 



fc Psychology 
•""" School Management 
^ General Methods 
(6 weeks) 
•-Penmanship Methods 

(6 weeks) 
r Review Grammar 
Elective 



Winter 



Psychology 
History of Education 
^Reading Methods 

(6 weeks) 
"(■""Singing Methods 

(6 weeks) 
f Review Arithmetic 
Elective 



Spring 



"""Psychology 
Philosophy of 

Education 

Review History 

Review Geography 
Elective 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 



Winter 



Spring 



School Administration 
Advanced Psychology 
Practice 
Elective 



School Administration ""School 
'Advanced Psychology ""Advanced 
Practice 
Elective 



Administration 
Psychology 
Practice 
Elective 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



The High School Graduate in arranging his work in this 
course should observe that he is required to take two out of 
the following courses, namely, 6, 7, and 13 as listed above, 
but he has free election for the rest. 

By this arrangement the High School student in two 
years becomes qualified as a teacher and may specialize by 
electing twelve terms work in a single group of studies, or in 
two groups that support each other, and thus becomes quali- 
fied to a certain extent, to do High School teaching. 

Course VI. The Two-year Special Course for High 
School Graduates. 

Six special courses are offered High School Graduates as 

follows : 

A. Kindergarten. 

B. Domestic Science. 

C. Manual Training. 

D. Physical Education. 

E. Music and Drawing. 

F. Commercial Subjects. 

These Courses are tabulated as follows : 

A. KINDERGARTEN. 



FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Psychology- 


Psychology 


Psychology 


School Management 


History of Education 


Philosophy of 


Kindergarten Theory 


Kindergarten Theory 


Education 


General Methods 


Kindergarten Practice 


Kindergarten Theory 


(6 weeks) 


Singing 


Kindergarten Practice 


Penmanhsip Methods 






(6 weeks) 






Singing 









SECOND YEAR 




Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Kindergarten Theory 

Review Grammar^ 

Practice 

Drawing and Chorus 


Kindergarten Theory 

Review Arithmetic 

Practice 

Drawing and Chorus 

Reading Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Singing Methods 

(6 weeks) 


Kindergarten Theory 

Review Geography 

Practice 

Drawing and Chorus 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



B. DOMESTIC SCIENCE. 



FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Psychology 
Chemistry 
General Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Penmanship Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Domestic Science 
Physiology 


Psychology 
Chemistry 
Reading Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Singing Methods 

(6 weeks) 
Domestic Science 
Textiles and Home 

Nursing 


Psychology 
Physics 
Review History 

Domestic Science 
Art Needle Work 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Domestic Science 
Philosophy of Educ. 
Review Grammar 
Practice Teaching 


Domestic Science 
History of Education 
Review Arithmetic 
Practice Teaching 


Domestic Science 
School Management 
Review Geography 
Practice Teaching 



A double period is devoted to Domestic Science and gives 
one credit. Two days are devoted to Cooking, two days to 
Sewing, and one day to Food Study each week. 

The second-year work in Domestic Science consists of 
Advanced Cooking two days and Advanced Dressmaking two 
days, and Dietetics for one day for eighteen weeks, and 
Household Management for the remainedr of the year. 

The Practice teaching will be in Cooking and Sewing 
throughout the second year. 

C. MANUAL TRAINING. 



FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Psychology 


Psychology 


Psychology 


Review Grammar 


Review Arithmetic 


Review Geography 


Woodwork 


Woodwork 


Woodwork 


Mechanical Drawing 


Mechanical Drawing 


Mechanical Drawing 


(1 period per week) 


(1 period per week) 


(1 period per week) 


General Methods 


Reading Methods 


Freehand Drawing 


(6 weeks) 


(6 weeks) 




Penmanship Methods 


Singing Methods 




(6 weeks) 


( 6 weeks) 





VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


School Management 
Copperwork 

Cabinetwork 
Mechanical Drawing 
(2 periods) 
Practice 


History of Education 
Organization of 

Manual Training 
Cabinet work 
Mechanical Drawing 

(2 periods) 
Practice 


Philosophy of 

Education 
Industrial History 
Turning 
Mechanical Drawing 

(2 periods) 
Practice 



Students electing Manual Training for the six electives 
in the Four-year course may substitute Manual Training for 
Singing and Penmanship in the first year, shop-work for 
Chorus and Drawing in the second year, and one period of 
teaching Manual Training for one of the two terms of regular 
methods for the third year. 

Students who take the five-year course may elect in 
addition to the six regular electives three units. 

The student may, therefore, complete the regular teacher's 
course and the special Manual Training course, receiving both 
the Elementary diploma and the Special diploma, in five 
years. 

E. MUSIC AND DRAWING. 

We have several courses to offer in what might be called 
the Public School Arts. 

1. A two-year course in Music for High School graduates. 

2. A two-year course in Music and Drawing combined for High 
School Graduates. 

3. A one-year course in Music and Drawing open to graduates of this 
and other Normal Schools. 

4. A two-year course in Drawing. 

1. THE TWO-YEAR COURSE IN MUSIC 
FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Methods in Singing 

Harmony 

Voice, piano or violin 

General Methods 

Psychology 

Glee Club 


Methods in Singing 

Harmony 

Voice, piano or violin 

Methods 

Psychology 

Glee Club 


Methods in Singing 

Harmony 

Voice, piano or violin 

Review 

Psychology 

Glee Club " 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Philosophy of Educ. 

Reviews 

Practice 

Musical History 

Voice, piano or violin 

Glee club 


History of Education 

Reviews 

Practice 

Musical History 

Voice, piano or violin 

Glee club 


School Management 

Reviews 

Practice 

Musical History 

Voice, piano or violin 

Glee club 



2. THE COMBINED COURSE IN MUSIC AND ART 
FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Psychology 
General Methods 
Methods in Singing 
1st Drawing 
Advanced Drawing 
Glee club 


Psychology 
Methods 

Methods in Singing 
1st Drawing 
Advanced Drawing 
Glee club 


Psychology 
Reviews 

Methods in Singing 
1st Drawing 
Advanced Drawing 
Glee club 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Reviews 

Musical History 

Practice 

Methods in Drawing 

Philosophy of 

1 j Education 
Glee club 


Reviews 

Musical History 

Practice 

Methods in Drawing 

Philosophv of 

Education 
Glee club 


Reviews 

Musical History 

Practice 

Methods in Drawing 

Philosophy of 

Education 
Glee club 



3. A COURSE IN M USIC FOR NORMAL SCHOOL GRADUA TES 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Methods in Singing 
Musical History and 

Harmony 
Practice 

Advanced Drawing 
Drawing, Methods 

and Practice 
Glee club 


Methods in Singing 
Musical History and 

Harmony 
Practice 

Advanced Drawing 
Drawing, Methods 

and Practice 
Glee club 


Methods in Singing 
Musical History and 

Harmony 
Practice 

Advanced Drawing 
Drawing, Methods 

and Practice 
Glee club 



The Philomelians, an advanced glee club of women's 
voices, meets weekly for the practice of cantatas, operettas, 
glees, etc. 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



A TWO-YEAR COURSE IN PUBLIC SCHOOL ART 
FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Psychology 
General Methods 
1st Drawing 
Manual Training 
Design 


Psychology 
Methods 
1st Drawing 
Manual Training 
Design 


Psychology 

Review 

1st Drawing 

Manual Training 

Design 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 



Winter 



Spring 



Philosophy of 

Education 
Methods in Art 
Applied design in 

leather and basketry 
Advanced Drawing 



History of Education 

Methods in Art 
Pottery 

Advanced Drawing 



School Management 

History of Art 
Copper 

Advanced Drawing 



COMMERCIAL COURSE. 
FIRST YEAR 



Fall 



Psychology 

Methods 

I. Bookkeeping 

I. Typewriting 

I. Commercial Corre- 
spondence alternat- 
ing with I. Law 



Winter 



Psychology 
Methods 

II. Bookkeeping 
II. Typewriting 
II. Commercial Cor- 
respondence alter- 
nating with II. Law 



Spring 



Psychology 
Review 

III. Bookkeeping 
III. Typewriting 
III. Commercial Cor- 
spondence alternat- 
natingwith III. Law 
I. Shorthand and 
Penmanship 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 



Philosophy of Educ. 
Practice 
Review 

Advanced Bookkeep' 
II. Shorthand and 
Penmanship 
Transcribing 



Winter 



History of Education 
Practice 
Review 

Advanced Bookkeep'g 
III. Shorthand and 
Penmanship 
Transcribing 



Spring 



School Management 
Practice 
Review 
Office Practice 
Shorthand Methods 
and Penmanship 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



G. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. 

The First, Second and Third Years are the same as in 
the Four Year Elementary Coures. Graduates of High 
Schools of the First Class are admitted without examination. 

FIRST YEAR 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring 


Physics 

Gymnastic Practice 
School Management 
Technique of Football, 
Tennis, and Fencing 

Anatomy- 
Elocution 


Physics 

Gymnastic Practice 
History of Education 
Tech. of Basket Ball, 

Gymnastics and 

Fencing 
Anatomy 
Elocution 


Physics 

Gymnastic Practice 
Phil, of Education 
Tech. of Baseball, 
Track. Athletics, 
Boxing, & Wrestli'g 
Playground Meth. and 
Games, and Physi- 
ology of Exercise 



SECOND YEAR 



Fall 



Botany 

Practical Gymnastics 

Gymnastic Dancing, & 

Theory of Teaching 

Gymnastics 
Practice Teaching 
Hygiene & Sanitation 

Zoology * 



Winter 



Chemistry 

Practical Gymnastics 
Gym. Danc'g and 
Hist, of Phys. Edu. 

Practice Teaching 
Phys. Edu. in Pub. 

Grade & High Sch'ls 
Zoology * 



Spring 



Chemistry 

Practical Gymnastics 
Gym. Dancing and 
Emergencies 

Practice Teaching 
Elective 

Physiology * 



* This subject comes regularly in the Third Year of the Elementary course* 
Those who did not take it in the regular course must make provision for it as 
indicated. 



Admission Requirements. 

For Courses 1, 2 or 4, graduation from the Eighth Grade 
will be required for entrance. Credentials should be shown 
on entering. Applicants without such graduation will be 
given an examination in Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, 
United States History, Penmanship and Spelling. The 
Spelling and Penmanship will be judged from papers written 
on other subjects. Holders of teachers certificates of any 
grade will be admitted to these three courses without exam- 
ination. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

For Courses 3 and 5 graduation from a first class High 
School will be required. Non-graduates presenting 45 credits 
in the form of State Board certificates will be accepted. 
Graduates from second and third class High Schools will be 
admitted to advance standings upon their High School Board 
certificates. Under the rule of the State Normal School 
Management, standings from second and third class High 
Schools can not be accepted except as supported by State 
High School Board certificates, but examination will be 
granted in subjects claimed by the applicant to have been 
done in High School but not covered by the State High School 
Board credentials. 

For the two-year special courses, graduation from a first 
class High School or the equivalent (45 credits of standard 
high school work) w r ill be required. Graduates of Normal 
Schools who have had the work represented by Course 3, 
the One-year Elementary Course for High School graduates 
may be admitted to any of the special courses of the Ad- 
vanced Five-year course, with the expectation of graduation 
in one year. 

All candidates for admission to the Normal School must 
be fifteen year of age, in good health, of sound mind and 
good moral character. 

Promotion. 

The student's record is made from his daily work and 
occasional tests. A good daily record is essential. Those 
who make a class standing of 90 % for the term are frequently 
exempt from the final examination, but not more than twelve 
per cent of a class membership may be exempt. 

Seventy-five per cent is the passing grade in all subjects, 
except Spelling. Those who fail in any term's work will be 
required to take it again on such conditions as the instructor 
may impose. This is a Normal School for the preparation 
of teachers, and promotion and graduation are made with 
reference to the teacher's ability as well as to scholarship. 
Scholarship must be thorough and comprehensive. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Completion of Studies. 

When a student has completed any subject which is 
necessary for him to know, in order to be a teacher, he may 
receive a certificate to that effect. Such certificates are ac- 
cepted by the examining authorities towards a teacher's 
certificate. Standings more than two years old will not be 
furnished for such purpose, unless the student has recently 
been in attendance, in which case the standings may be three 
years old. 

Graduation. 

Students who complete any of the several curricula and 
who give evidence of scholarship, skill in teaching, character 
and ability w411 be graduated and awarded a diploma of the 
Normal School, appropriate to his curriculum. Those who 
complete Course 2 must present 60 term credits. For Course 
3, 15 credits are required. Candidates for graduation from 
Course 4 must present 72 credits, and from Course 5, 27 
credits, 15 of which are the units required in the one-year 
Elementary Course, and 12 must relate to the specialty 
chosen. The diploma will not be issued to anyone who has 
not taken a course of at least one year as a resident student. 

This rule seems to be necessary to maintain standing as 
an educational institution, and not as an examining body. 
Moreover, all the work of the student's curriculum must be 
performed before graduation. No student will be permitted 
to plead any rule of this circular, or statement made by any 
member of the faculty as an excuse for not completing the 
entire work of the course to the satisfaction of the faculty. 

Teacher's Certificate. 

The laws of North Dakota are very liberal to graduates 
of her Normal Schools. To those who complete the Rural 
Course of ten and one-half months, a second grade certificate, 
valid in Rural Schools is issued at once. The diploma from 
the Four-year Elementary (Course 2) or its equivalent, the 
one-year curriculum (Course 3) for High School graduates is 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

awarded a professional certificate of the second grade, for 
two years, and after the holder has taught successfully nine 
months, he shall be entitled to a second grade professional 
certificate, valid for five years, renewable at the discretion of 
the State Board of Examiners. 

The diploma from the Advanced or Five-year curriculum 
(or its equivalent, the two-year curriculum for High School 
graduates, Course 5) is awarded a second grade professional 
certificate for two years, and after the holder has had nine 
months successful experience in teaching, he is entitled to a 
second grade professional certificate valid for life. 

Graduates from any of the special curricula will likewise 
receive a diploma and will be granted a certificate authoriz- 
ing them to teach in any of the Common, Graded, or High 
Schools of the State, the specialty represented by their 
diploma, as well as the five-year certificate granted to gradu- 
ates of the Four-year Elementary course. 

Advance Standing. 

Examination for advanced standing will be permitted in 
the case of work claimed to haye been done elsewhere but for 
which satisfactory credentials are not submitted. 

Examination for standing in common school subjects 
will be permitted only to teachers with at least nine months' 
experience. Even they must take in class the first term's 
work in any such subject, but they may, in certain cases, 
take examination for a standing in the remainder of the sub- 
ject but only by recommendation of the teacher. 

Advanced standing not to exceed six credits will be 
allowed for secondary schools and college work not included 
in the Normal School courses of study, and not sectarian or 
denominational. Subjects accepted would, of course, absorb 
the student's six electives allowed, in the four year course. 

Deficiency in English. 

Students who are conspicuously deficient in either writ- 
ten or oral English will not be permitted to graduate, although 
they may have obtained a passing standing in all the regu- 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

larly required and elective work. This rule will not be in- 
forced as rigidly in the case of students of Course 1 as in other 
courses. The school may make such assessments of extra 
work in individual cases as it considers advisable. 

Other Regulations. 

vStudents who take the regular instruction and practice 
in band, orchestra, glee club once each week, or who take 
special lessons in music not oftener than twice each week may 
claim one-fifth credit per term on satisfactory standings in 
each subject. 

Students must be guided by the faculty adviser in the 
arrangement of studies, in order to avoid scattered results. 

Students who enter upon a three term subject are re- 
quired to take three terms unless permission is secured from 
the faculty to take fewer. 

The passing mark in all subjects is 75 per cent, except 
spelling in which a standing of 95 per cent is required for two 
terms or 90 per cent for three terms. No credit is given for 
spelling. All students must take it until the required record 
is made. 

Students to complete the Elementary Course in four years 
are expected to carry five subjects each term as shown in the 
tabulated course of study. To carry more, the permission of 
the faculty must be secured, and such permission is usually 
difficult to secure. The student who makes a low average 
standing will be required to take fewer than five studies, 
thereby lengthening the time of the course. 

Students commencing the regular four year course may 
be able in five years to complete it and one of the special 
courses and may receive the regular Normal School diploma, 
and in addition thereto the special diploma authorizing them 
to teach the subjects included in their special course. 

Likewise, students entering on the four year course may 
continue to the end of the five year course and receive the 
diploma of the five year course, which leads to the state life 
certificate. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

No student shall receive the special certificate mentioned 
except upon the completion of five years of work in the Nor- 
mal School or two years in the Normal School in advance of 
the first class High School curriculum. 

No work done in High School can be accepted by the 
Normal School to shorten the time of any course. High 
School students who have any of the required work will not 
be required to repeat their course in the Normal School but 
must take another subject as a substitute. As far as possible, 
studies should be taken up in the order indicated in the tabu- 
lated course of study. 

Absence from recitations reduces a student's class stand- 
ing one per cent for each absence having a satisfactory excuse ; 
two per cent for each absence with unsatisfactory excuse. 
Absence of three days or more on account of sickness or other 
important engagement may be excused upon petition to the 
faculty. In all cases involving less than three day's absence, 
instructors will enforce the rule announced in this paragraph. 

Any student found deficient in spelling, spoken or written 
English will be remanded to the class that will most effectively 
remove their deficiency. 

Credits. 

A credit is one subject reciting each day for a term of 
three months. A unit is one study carried through the year, 
reciting daily five times per week. A unit is frequently called 
a course. 

The four year course requires that the student present 
sixty credits for graduation, fifty-four of which are required, 
six of which may be elected from the list shown on page 

The one year elementary course for High School gradu- 
ates requires 15 credits. The special and two year advanced 
course for High School graduates requires 27 credits. 

For the completion of the Advanced Course, the student 
must present 72 credits. Any graduate of the four year 
course may afterward return to the school and complete the 
twelve credits and receive the advanced diploma. The 
school will offer such subjects of the Advanced, Elective and 
Special two year courses, as the demands of the students and 
the resources of the school warrant. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 



Departments. 



Agriculture. 

Mr. James Mr. Thoreson 

Agriculture I. One term. Elementary. An elective 
course repeated each summer term. The plant; requirements 
for its growth, plant propagation; the nature, formation, cul- 
tivation, and fertility of soils; fruits, trees, and ornamental 
shrubbery adapted to North Dakota. Simple laboratory 
work, suitable for the common schools and requiring little 
apparatus. Text: Warren's Elements of Agriculture. 

Agriculture II. Two terms. Fall and spring. Re- 
quired of those pursuing the Rural Teachers' Course. The 
aim is to interest the student in rural life, cause him to be- 
lieve in its wholesomeness and possibilities, and give him a 
knowledge of the elements of agriculture. The course covers 
the same subjects that are covered by the course designated 
by "Agriculture III," but less time is spent upon laboratory 
work, and the subjects are treated in a briefer manner. Text : 
Warren's "Elements of Agriculture." 

Agriculture III. One year. Required of all regular 
first year students in the four year elementary course. The 
fall term is devoted to a study of the plant, its growth, propa- 
gation, germination of seeds, identification, and scoring; a 
few type farm crops ; identification and study of weeds with 
methods of eradication; common fruits of the region, consid- 
ering planting, pruning, and general care; ornamental trees, 
shrubs and vines, houseplants, etc., suitable for home and 
school grounds. In the winter term the principles of feeding 
farm animals, history of a few main breeds, their chief char- 
acteristics and uses; dairying, with attention to the care 
of milk on the farm, the Babcock test, etc. In the spring 
term, soils, their nature, formation, texture, composition, and 
classification; effect of cultivation, drainage, and rotation of 
crops ; soil fertility, with special attention to the essential plant 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

foods, their abundance, and source. Three hours a week of 
recitation, and four hours a week of laboratory exercises and 
field work, including school garden and experiment plots. 
Texts: Warren's Elements of Agriculture, Agricultural Bul- 
letins, and Year Books of the Department of Agriculture. 

Agriculture IV. Two years. Seven periods a week. 
Designed for those who elect agriculture as the special sub- 
ject in the five year course. Much the same subjects are 
considered as in the one-year course, but in a more detailed 
and advanced way. The laboratory work is more extensive 
and more time is devoted to it. The work is divided as 
follows : 

First Year. Fall term: The Plant and Farm Crops. 
Study of the plant, requirements of plant growth, propaga- 
tion, identification, germination, and scoring of seeds, their 
slection, care, etc. ; identification study of most injurious 
weeds and their seeds, with methods of combating them; a 
few special farm crops, as corn; description of main varieties, 
scoring and grading, cultivation, uses, place in rotation, etc. 
Winter term: The physical nature of soils, their formation, 
function, origin, and wasting texture, composition, and kinds; 
capillarity, osmosis, and diffusion in their relation to the soil 
and plants; soil, water, air, temperature; drainage; physical 
effects of tillage and fertilizers. Text: King's Physics of 
Agriculture. Spring term: Fruits, the location, planting, 
tillage, protection, and general care of trees and small fruits; 
diseases and injurious insects. Landscape gardening; simple 
rules of planting with several trees and shrubs adapted to this 
state. Propagation; seedage, cuttage, layerage, and grafting. 
Window boxes and school gardens; laboratory and garden work. 
Text: Green's Popular Fruit Growing. 

Second Year. Fall term: A study of farm animals. 
Horses, draft and road; cattle, beef and dairy; hogs, fat or 
lard and bacon. Sheep, mutton and wool. Poultry, meat, 
general purpose, egg. History of main breeds; economy of 
different types; their management and care. Winter term: 
Animal feeding. Food principles, digestive system of farm 
animals; function of nutrients; food stuffs; nutritive ratio; 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

balanced rations; feeding of growing and work animals. 
Dairying; composition and care of milk; its bacteria; Babcock 
test; individual differences of dairy cows; economy of dairy- 
ing in farm practice. Spring term: Chemical composition 
of the soil. The plant foods necessary to plant growth; their 
uses, foods likely to become deficient; crop requirements of 
these elements; losses of fertility; their causes; commercial 
fertilizers ; pot culture experiments and field work. 

Arts. 

Miss Deem Miss Bassett 

A course of three years in drawing and manual art is of- 
fered. The first year's work is required of all second year stu- 
dents in the Normal department, and the three terms must 
be taken consecutively. The second and third years may be 
elected by those who specialize as teachers of drawing and 
manual arts in the graded schools. These courses are also 
open to high school graduates who have had a preliminary 
course of drawing in the grades and in an accredited high 
school. The completion of three years' work entitles the 
student to the special certificate for drawing. 

First Drawing. Required in the second year of Normal 
Course. One and one-half credits. 

First term. One-half credit. Theory of color. Exer- 
cises to develop the color sense, and a study of the funda- 
mental laws with regard to the handling of color. The appli- 
cation of the laws of color in pictorial representation of flowers 
and still-life. Mediums used: water colors and colored chalks. 

Second term. One-half credit. Free hand and mechan- 
ical perspective. Drawing from cast and life. Mediums used : 
pencil, charcoal, colored chalks. 

Third term. One-half credit. Landscape and flower 
painting. Design. The principles of aesthetics as applied to 
modern and historic art. Text-book: Art Education, Prang. 

Advanced Drawing. One year. Two periods a day. 
Three credits. 

First term. Still life drawing. Cast drawing. Mediums 
used: Water color, charcoal, colored chalks. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Second term. Applied design. Materials used: leather, 
brass and copper, clay. 

Third term. Constructive design. Architectural draw- 
ing. Landscape. 

School Room Methods in Art. Prerequisites, First 
and Advanced Drawing. A study of the curriculum of 
school art as done in the public schools. Two periods a day. 
Three credits. 

First term. One credit. Primary methods. A course 
in drawing and handwork for the first four grades. Teaching 
in the Model School. 

Second term. One credit. Intermediate and grammar 
school methods. A course in drawing and hand work, con- 
sisting of clay modeling, book binding, lettering, basketry, 
pottery, etc. Teaching in the model school. 

Third term. History of Art. The study of the evolu- 
tion of art from primitive times to the present, with special 
emphasis on the great art epochs, and their relation to and 
influence on present day accomplishment. The aim is not 
only to make this course instructive, but to attain correct 
standards of taste. 

Commercial Studies. 

Mr. Curtiss Mrs. Greenwood 

Miss Cook 

Penmanship. Three terms, daily. Free-hand writing, 
with abundant practice and drill, and special attention to the 
correct pedagogy of the subject. Students are not only 
taught how to w T rite well, but how to teach writing well. 
Text: The Curtiss Ideal. 

Bookkeeping. A three-term study. Special column 
ruling, duplicating devices, department ledgers, the keeping 
of branch store accounts, the opening and closing of partner- 
ship books, and office practice. The instruction in bookkeep- 
ing is entirely individual. Text: Curtiss' American Stand- 
ard Bookkeeping. 

Stenography. A three-term subject. Open to all second 
year students. The fundamental principles of the subject, 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

followed by extensive practice and accompanied by exhaus- 
tive test exercises designed to increase the student's steno- 
graphic vocabulary and strengthen the memory. Careful 
attention given to business forms, legal and legislative docu- 
ments, filing, copying, indexing, manifolding, as well as the 
general knowledge and habits required of the competent 
amanuensis. Texts: Barnes' Brief Course, Reader I., II., 
and III., and Universal Dictation Course, and Tinus' Dicta- 
tion Studies. 

Typewriting. Three terms. The touch system ; perfect 
mastery of the keyboard; care of the machine; rapid and 
accurate work, with a final minimum speed of twenty-five 
words per minute when transcribing from shorthand notes, 
and thirty-five when copying. Text: R. P. Felch's Touch 
Typewriting Instructor. 

Commercial Law. Three terms, alternating daily with 
Commercial Correspondence. Required of all bookkeeping 
students. A thoro study of the fundamental laws of busi- 
ness, and principles governing trade. Practical application 
is made of every theory taught. Systematic instruction and 
drills in contracts, negotiable instruments, personal property, 
agency, partnership, corporations, insurance, and real estate 
transfers are conducted. Especial attention is paid to the 
preparation of all common legal documents. The formation 
of good business habits and the elevation of the ideals of 
citizenship are given careful thought in this course. Text: 
Lyons' Commercial Law. 

Commercial Correspondence. Three terms, alternat- 
ing daily with Commercial Law. Required of all commercial 
students. Substitutes for regular rhetorical work. Much 
attention is given in this course to correct English in letters 
and essays. Systematic drill is carried on thruout the year 
in all technicalities relating to business documents. In addi- 
tion to extensive practice in business letter writing, the fol- 
lowing short courses are incorporated: Contracts, invoicing, 
billing, telegraphing, cabling, advertising, social correspond- 
ence, and postal information. Text: Altmaier's Commercial 
Correspondence. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Short Course Commercial Correspondence. One 
term, daily. Open to commercial students who can remain 
for the winter term only. Practically the same work as out- 
lined above, in slightly abbreviated form. Text: Alt- 
maier's Commercial Correspondence. 

Domestic Science. 

Miss Farnsworth Miss Spensley 

Open to high school graduates or those taking the five 
year course. 

The first year a double period daily is devoted to Domes- 
tic Science and gives one credit; two days are devoted to 
Cooking, two to Sewing, and one to Food Study. 

In the Food Study, the character, value, use and prepa- 
ration of food materials are considered. Textiles requires six 
weeks and Home Nursing six weeks. 

The second year's work in Domestic Science consists of 
Advanced Cooking two days, Dressmaking two days and 
Dietetics one day for eighteen weeks, then Household Man- 
agement the remainder of the year. 

Practice Teaching in Cooking, and Sewing will be given 
throughout the second year. The history andjliterature of 
Domestic Science together with its organization in the public 
schools will be given in the spring term. 

The aim is to make the work extremely practical and 
wholly adapted to the public schools. Emphasises put upon 
thoroughness of work in the department rather than elabo- 
rateness of equipment. It is the opinion,of the school that 
domestic science need not be an expensive^feature of our 
public schools. 

Educational Theory. 

Mr. Buffum Mr. Hollis 

Miss Portman Miss Hill 

School Management and School Hygiene. One term. 
Repeated each term. Required of all seniors. About eight 
weeks are devoted to the consideration of the actual problems 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

of the teacher's daily life and work. During the last four 
weeks school conditions affecting the health of pupils indi- 
vidually and of the school as a whole are studied. Texts: 
Seeley's School Management, and Shaw's School Hygiene. 

History of Education. One term. Repeated each 
term. Required of seniors. A general view of the history of 
education, with special attention to the relation of past 
progress to present day conditions. Text book and library 
reference work. Text: Compayre's History of Pedagogy. 

Philosophy of Education. One term. Repeated each 
term. Required work for seniors. A study of Biological, 
Physiological, Sociological, Psychological, and Philosophical 
aspects of education. Text: Home's Philosophy of Educa- 
tion. 

Elements of Pedagogy. One term. First year. A 
brief course primarily for students expecting to teach before 
graduation. Topics are taken up dealing with actual school 
room work and conditions. Texts: White's Elements of 
Pedagogy. 

Contemporary Educational Systems. Fall and win- 
ter terms. Primarily for advanced students, and open to 
seniors. A study of the school systems of England, Germany, 
Ontario, and the United States. Credit is allowed for the 
work of either term, though the course runs through two 
terms. Texts: Sharpless' English Education, Bolton's The 
Secondary School System of Germany, Ross' The School 
System of Ontario, and Boone's Education in the United 
States. 

School Administration. One term. Spring term. For 
advanced students and seniors. This course, dealing with 
the practical problems of School Administration, makes with 
the course on Contemporary Educational Systems a year's 
work. Text: Perry's The Management of a City School. 

General Methods. The first six weeks of the fall term. 
This is a study of the basic principles which underlie the 
special methods presented subsequently in classes in special 
methods. Text: McMurry's Methods of the Recitation. 

Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, and Aesthetics. 



VALLEY CITY NO R M A L SCHOOL 

One year. If desired, a course in these branches will be given, 
running through three terms. (For advanced students.) 

Kindergarten Practice. That pupils may apply the 
theories studied, a kindergarten for children from four to six 
is maintained. Besides the regular required three terms of 
Practice Work, one more term will be given in the kinder- 
garten, so that students may surely be proficient in practical 
work. Music and Drawing are required, as each is so essen- 
tial in the correct development of young children. 

The Special Kindergarten Course. A thorough 
course in Kindergarten Training, comprising two years and 
leading to a special diploma, is offered to Normal seniors or 
High School graduates. Besides the fifteen required senior 
credits, twelve in special work are required, six in Kinder- 
garten theory, two each in Music and Drawing, one elective, 
and one in Kindergarten Practice. 

The Kindergarten Theory comprises: Mother Play, in 
which Froebel's Mother Play Songs are discussed as exam- 
ples of how to study children. Gifts, based upon the facts 
that the fundamental forms underlying nature, industrial, 
and artistic work are geometric. These gifts help the child 
to understand the relation of form, to classify the objects 
about him, and to undertake creative construction. Occupa- 
tions. Elementary forms of handwork which develop the 
creative and constructive instincts of the child to the point 
where free expression is possible. The simplest basic princi- 
ples of construction are taught in order to develop the coor- 
dination of hand and eye essential to the manual training in 
the grades. Program, in which the essential elements of the 
year's program are taken up with discussions of the problems 
pertaining to each day's work. Original programs are re- 
quired. Stories, developing both the art of story-telling and 
a discrimination in the choice of stories adapted to the various 
needs of the children. The classification, adaptation, and 
dramatization of stories is also studied. Games, including 
study of the educational values of play, and practice in play- 
ing the games used in Kindergarten and Primary Grades. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

English Language and Literature. 

Mr. Andrews Miss McGregor 

Miss Amidon Mrs. Macdonald 

Miss Rawlins 

First Grammar. One term. Required of first year 
students. A study of sentences and their structure. Text: 
Buehler's English Grammar, Part I. 

Second Grammar. One term. Required of students 
after completing First Grammar. A study of the parts of 
speech. Text: Buehler's English Grammar, Part II. 

Review Grammar. One term. Required of seniors. 
A review of the elements of grammar. Text: Webster's 
English Grammar. 

Language and Grammar for Rural School Teachers. 
Two terms. Required of students taking the course of ten 
and one-half months. Texts: Buehler's English Grammar 
and Literature for the Study of Language, arranged by R. M. 
Black. 

Rhetoric. One year. Required of second year stu- 
dents. The laws of correct expression in language, and their 
application in written and oral composition. Text: Espen- 
shade's Rhetoric and Composition. 

Literature. One year. Two terms required of juniors. 
A brief historical survey, with an investigation of literary 
principles and a consideration of various classics with special 
reference to the teaching of reading and literature in the 
grades. Text: Moody and Lovett's History of English Lit- 
erature. 

Advanced Literature. One year. A selected period 
in English or American literature studied in detail, with ex- 
tensive individual investigation and collateral reading. 

Spelling and Word Study. One year ; two recitations 
a week. Required of all first year students and of such other 
students as shall be found markedly deficient in this line of 
work. Pronunciation, word-building, and definition. An 
average of 90 per cent or more for three terms' work or an 






VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

average of 95 per cent for two terms, will be required for com- 
pletion of the subject. Text: Sandwick and Bacon's The 
High School Word Book. 

Reading. One term; first year. The aim is to make in- 
telligent readers by teaching the student to analyze thought, 
to interpret literature, and to render the meaning naturally. 
Drill in pronunciation, enunciation, and articulation; the 
formation of clear mental pictures of the selections read; the 
development of the voice in the expression of emotions. 
Text: Clark's How to Teach Reading. 

Expression. This department is for the personal need 
of the student, for a broader development of self and to elimi- 
nate by careful training inherited and habitual defects and 
mannerisms of voice and body. 

This course offers three terms: First, theory of correc- 
tive speech for school room practice and story telling; second 
articulation, enunciation, pronunciation, phrasing and ges- 
ture, the study and arrangement of special day programs as 
the outgrowth of class work; third, dramatization of chil- 
dren's stories for practical uses. Texts : Murdoch's Analytic 
Elocution. 

Rhetoricals. The student should familiarize himself 
with the requirements for Rhetoricals as detailed here. These 
exercises in composition and expression, under the direction 
of the Department of English, are required of all First Year 
and Junior students, three terms each, and of all Seniors, in 
connection with Current Events, during the first and second 
terms. 

First year students will perform three exacting exercises, 
or their equivalent, during each term, in regular Rhetorical 
classes. They will not be allowed to do work for Rhetorical 
credit in literary societies. 

Second year students enrolled in Rhetoric will be excused 
from other Rhetorical work. 

Juniors will perform three exacting exercises, or their 
equivalent, during each term. The principal one of these 
exercises must be delivered before a regular Junior Rhetorical 
class ; the other two exercises may be delivered before a liter- 
ary society, or in a class room, w4th the sanction of the Rhe- 






VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

torical teacher in charge. The principal exercise must con- 
sist of a piece of original composition, fully memorized, and 
delivered in class. The other two exercises may be of the 
nature of essays, debate, declamation, or oratory. Where 
these are to be delivered before literary societies, each paper, 
selection, or outline must be submitted for revision, to the 
instructor in charge, on the Tuesday before the Saturday on 
which it is to be delivered. 

If a student fails to fulfill the Rhetorical requirements 
promptly and satisfactorily, additional work of this nature 
will be exacted. 

First year, second year, and Junior students participating 
in the Brownson and Francis prize competitions, in final inter- 
society or inter-scholastic debate, in theatricals, or in other 
similar exercises, or in journalism and student publications, 
will be excused from an equivalent amount of Rhetorical work 
at the discretion of the instructors in charge. 

Commercial students may substitute one year's work in 
letter-writing for First Year Rhetoricals. 

Rural Course students will do Rhetorical work under the 
supervision of the head of that department and largely in 
connection with their literary society, "The Prairie Breeze." 
Three papers a term, carefully written and criticized, shall be 
asked of each student, besides regular appearance before the 
society or class at intervals, in oral work. The exercises are 
all to be suggestive with reference to the students' future 
work as teachers in rural schools. 

Senior Current History. One hour each week, fall 
and winter terms, with sections in the spring term for stu- 
dents entering school in January. Required of all Seniors 
without exception. The hour will be devoted largely to the 
discussion of current history in which there will be an exam- 
ination at the end of each term. Each student will prepare 
and give two talks or discussions a term along the line of cur- 
rent his tor y. 

Literary Societies. The students of the school sup 
port three voluntary literary societies and other minor socie- 
ties for special forms of voluntary literary effort. The senior 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

society, State Normal Atheneum, maintained for exercise in 
essay, debate, and parliamentary practice is open to young 
men and young women. 

The Clionian society limits its membership to young 
women and meets once a week for literary work. 

The young men of the school maintain the E. B. C. 
society for the encouragement of debate and other forms of 
literary work. 

Honorable E. R. Brownson, a member of the Board of 
Management offers an annual prize of $25.00 to the society 
which does the highest grade of work throughout the year. 

The Francis Oratorical Prize, offered by Mr. and Mrs. S. 
M. Francis, of Ayr, as a memorial to their little daughters, 
consists of the sum of $25.00 yearly for a period of ten years, 
beginning with 1911, to be distributed in amounts of twelve, 
eight and five dollars respectively, among the three contest- 
ants ranking highest. The prizes are for excellence in ora- 
tory and any student in the Normal may compete. The 
orations for next year's contest are to be handed in by the 
last Tuesday in January, so that the work of preparation 
should begin in the summer or early fall. 

History and Social Science. 

Mr. Wemett Miss Hill 

Rural American History. Two terms. Begun in both 
fall and winter terms. Required of all students taking the 
rural course. Text: Mace's School History. 

American History. Two terms. Required of all second 
year students in the winter and spring terms. A general 
survey of American history; social and economic as well as 
political development. Text: James and Sanford's Ameri- 
can History. 

General History. One year. Required of all Juniors 
A general survey of the history of the ancient nations and of 
western Europe. Texts: West's Ancient World; Robinson's 
Introduction to the History of Western Europe. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Review History. One term. Rep eated each term 
Required of all seniors. A topical review of the important 
phases of American history in connection with mtehods in 
teaching history. Text: McMurry's Special Method in His- 
tory. 

Civics. One term. Required of all students in the fall 
term of the third year. FA study of the organization and opera- 
tion of both federal and state governments. Text: Boyle's 
Government of North Dakota. 

Economics. Fall term. Open to juniors. A short 
course in the fundamental principles of Political Economy. 
Text: Ely and Wicker's Elementary Economics. 

Sociology. Winter term. Open to juniors. A study 
of the organization of society and of the operation of social 
forces; present-day problems and methods. Reading and 
reports. Text: Blackmar's Elements of Sociology. 

Modern History. One year. Open only to seniors and 
graduate students. An option of two fields of study is of- 
fered to students in this course, as follows: 

(a) Recent European History, including the Protestant 
Revolution, the French Revolution, the growth of modern 
governments and a short treatment of the present interna- 
tional relations. Texts: Seebohm's Era of the Protestant 
Revolution; Judson's Europe in the Nineteenth Century. 

(b) Political Science. A comparative study of the gov- 
ernments of France, Germany, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, 
England and the United States. Text: Wilson's The State. 

Advanced American History. One year. Open only 
to seniors and graduate students. An intensive study of any 
one of the following periods as desired by the students : 

(a) The Period of the Constitution. 1783-1817. Text: 
Walker's The Making of the Nation. 

(b) The Period of National Development. 1817-1860. 
Text: Burgess' The Middle Period. 

(c) The Period of the Civil War. 1860-1872. Texts: 
Burgess' The Civil War and the Constitution; Burgess' Recon- 
struction and the Constitution. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

« 

History Seminar. One year. One hour each week. 
A course to be taken by seniors writing a thesis in the history 
department. Examination and discussion of bibliography; 
notes and written work. 



Languages. 

Miss Rawlins Miss Fridd 

First German. One year. Open to students in the 
second year, senior, and junior classes. Pronunciation; easy 
reading and conversation; rudiments of grammar; constant 
reference to German geography, history and literature ; prose 
composition. Ability to speak and read ordinary German 
prose and to understand something of German life, and char- 
acter, is the aim. Texts: Bacon's German Grammar for 
Beginners, Newson's First German Book, and selected Ger- 
man classics. 

Second German. One year. Open to students in the 
junior and senior classes. Reading; grammar; prose compo- 
sition; easy conversation; much reference work on German 
history and literature. Increased facility in understanding 
and expressing thought in the German language and an in- 
troduction to Germany's choicest literature, is the aim. 
Texts: Bacon's German Grammar for Beginners, Hamann's 
Echo of Spoken German, selected classics, and scientific and 
journalistic German of today. 

Third German. A course in Third Year German, four 
hours a week throughout the year, will be given, if there be 
a sufficient demand for it. 

First Latin. One year. Open to students in the second 
year and junior classes. The aim is to give the student a 
vocabulary, and a thorough knowledge of forms and the fun- 
damental principles of syntax. Text: Lowe and Butler's 
(Revised by Walker) Bellum Helveticum. 

Caesar. One year. Open to students in the junior and 
senior classes. Ease in interpreting the thought of the au- 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

thor and in expressing it is the chief aim. Much attention 
will be given to grammatical principles. Prose composition 
once a week. Texts : Gunnison and Harley's Caesar's Gallic 
War. Bennett's Latin Grammar. 

Cicero. One year. Open to students taking the five 
year course and to any others who desire and can make ar- 
rangements for three years' work in Latin. 

Library Instruction. 

Mabel G. West Lillian M. Partridge 

Use op the Library. Required of all entering students 
during the fall term, once a month. The classification and 
arrangement of books; the use of the card catalogue, of peri- 
odical indexes, encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, and 
handbooks. 

Library Economy. Required of all seniors, one term, 
once a week. The relation between library and school, the 
school library room, book binding, book selection and buying, 
preparation for the shelves, accessioning, classification and 
book numbers, cataloging, loan systems, children's books and 
reading, reference books, investigating a subject in a library. 

Library Practice. Offered each term to a limited 
number of seniors. Two periods of practice a day. The 
work covers all phases of the subject, and students who ex- 
pect to become principals, or to have libraries to care for, are 
urged to take the work. 

Manual Training. 

Mr. Selden 
The work in Manual Training is given for its educa- 
tional value. It will be found especially useful to those pre- 
paring to teach in either the rural or village schools or high 
schools. Rooms and recitation periods are. planned to give 
the largest possible opportunities to all classes of pupils. 
Those not able to complete a shop course may elect one or 
more terms of such courses as they are prepared to enter 
Those contemplating doing any work in the manual training 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

laboratories should consult with the Director of Manual 
Training before attempting to arrange their other classes. 

A laboratory fee of one dollar per term is charged for each 
unit of shop work. This fee is not in payment for materials, 
but rather for use of tools and laboratory equipment. No 
charge is made for materials used in the elementary studies. 
A reasonable charge is made for all materials used in advance 
projects. The projects of the shop are the property of the 
school and may be retained until the end of the school year 
or longer. 

Short Course. Six terms; forty-five minutes each day, 
one-half credit each term. This course is for the accommoda- 
tion of such pupils as are unable to spend eighty minutes each 
day in the shop. The work is similar to that given in the 
regular elementary course. The sa.me texts are used, but only 
the more simple problems are attempted. 

Elementary Manual Training. Six terms, eighty 
minutes each day, one credit each term. Pupils having com- 
pleted a thorough course of manual training in the grades, 
will be given one term advanced credit on completing this 
course. First term: A study of the plain surface and simple 
joinery. Tools, materials and projects are considered with 
reference to their uses in the grades and high school, their 
educational value and methods of instruction. Second term: 
Various methods of joinery are discussed and demonstrated 
in simple projects. Text: Woodwork for the Grades. Third 
term: The chisel and its uses in joinery. The principles of 
laying out straight and angular work. Fourth and Fifth 
terms: Cabinet making. Demonstration of all the more 
important principles of construction and finishing given in 
the text used, Elementary Cabinet work. Sixth term: See 
Industrial History and Organization of Manual Training. 

Elementary Mechanical Drawing. Three terms, forty- 
five minutes each day, one-half credit each term. Required of 
all pupils preparing to teach manual training in the high 
school grades; based on the problems of the wood shop. 
Pupils should provide themselves with a set of instruments of 
approved grade. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Advanced Mechanical Drawing. Two years, eighty 
minutes each day, one credit each term. Prerequisite, Ele- 
mentary Mechanical Drawing or its equivalent. This course 
covers the work necessary in preparing to teach mechanical 
drawing in high schools. 

Industrial History. One term. Required of all pupils 
preparing to teach Manual Training. The history of various 
typical industries is studied by use of reference works. The 
aim is to give a broad view of industrial life and a knowledge 
of the magnitude and importance of our modern industries. 

This course is of value to all teachers, principals and 
superintendents, as it shows how the development of modern 
industry has led to the need for the study of mechanical sci- 
ence. It also supplies much material for use in giving object 
lessons and talks to pupils in the grades. 

Organization of Manual Training. One term. Re- 
quired of all pupils specializing in Manual Training. This 
course supplies the essential data for installing equipment and 
organizing Manual Training classes. This includes theory, 
class methods, the general management of the school shops, 
and the purchasing of supplies. 

Special Manual Training Methods. This course 
covers the special methods of the Manual Training work and 
follows the course in organization of Manual Training. 

Mathematics. 

Mr. Meyer Mr. Davies 

Mrs. White Mr. Lever 

Rural Arithmetic Two terms. Required of all stu- 
dents taking the rural course. Prerequisite: arithmetic of 
the grammar grades. A review of the subject with particular 
attention to the arithmetic of the farm. Principles of teach- 
ing are considered. Speed and accuracy are developed by 
special drills. Text: Stevens and Butler's A Practical 
Arithmetic. 

Arithmetic. Two terms. Required of all freshmen. 
Prerequisite: arithmetic of the grammar grades. A complete 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

review with a brief consideration of the pedogogy of the sub- 
ject. Particular attention is given to short methods and to 
the arithmetical use of algebraic and geometric principles. 
Text: Wentworth-Smith Complete Arithmetic. 

Algebra. One year. Required of all first year students. 
Prerequisite: arithmetic of the eighth grade. The solution 
of a system of simultaneous quadratics of two unknowns and 
their graphs. Text: Well's First Course in Algebra. 

Geometry. One year. Required of all second year 
students. Prerequisites arithmetic and algebra. The mathe- 
matical knowledge essential to physics; the power of logical 
steps; ability of expression in concise English. Plane and 
solid geometry. Text: Well's New Plane and Solid Geome- 
try. 

Review Arithmetic. One term. Required of all seniors. 
Prerequisites : algebra and geometry. A review of the sub- 
ject matter of arithmetic from the standpoint of the elemen- 
tary school. Each topic in the course is considered with 
reference to the requirements of child psychology and the de- 
mands of industry. Emphasis is placed on methods of drill 
in the fundamental operations, and on the application of 
number to the environment of the child. Text: Lyman's 
Advanced Arithmetic. 

Advanced Algebra. One year. Elective in the five- 
year course and in the two-year advanced course for high 
school students. Prerequisite : a good mathematical standing 
in the lower classes. Least common multiple by long division 
and application, theory of indices, surds, imaginaries, quad- 
ratics and their graphs, radical equations, quadratic system 
of two unknowns and graphs, indeterminant equations, in- 
equalities, progressions, functions and theory of limits, deri- 
vatives of simple algebraic functions, series including special 
formulae for development and summation, logarithms, deter- 
minants, and the elements of the theory of equations. Text: 
Taylor's College Algebra. 

Trigonometry. Two terms. Elective in the five year 
course and in the two-year advanced course for high school 
graduates. Prerequisites: arithmetic, algebra, geometry and 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

advanced algebra. Plane and spherical trigonometry; manip- 
ulation of formulae; reduction of inverse functions. 

Surveying. One term. Elective the same as trigo- 
nometry. Prerequisites: arithmetic, algebra, geometry, ad- 
vanced algebra, and trigonometry. Plane surveying and 
leveling. 

Music. 

Fanny C. Amidon Miss Fristad 

Singing. First course. Theory, sight reading, expres- 
sion, and ear training. 

Singing. Second course. A study of the best composi- 
tions, with emphasis on the comprehension of the phrase, 
correct interpretation, distinct articulation, and the relation 
of words and music. 

Singing. Third course. Ensemble practice of standard 
choruses one period each day for three terms. 

The above courses together with the following work in 
methods of singing is required of all students who expect to 
graduate. 

Methods of Singing. All work in singing is presented 
with reference to the child and the child voice. Many rote 
songs are learned and practiced in the light tone so essential 
for the teacher of the lower grades. The work of each grade, 
from the primary through the high school, is carefully studied 
and outlined. At least one method of presenting each new 
phase of the music work is learned and practiced. The stu- 
dent is given sufficient training to conduct the music work in 
his own room and to have an intelligent knowledge of the 
full scope of the music work. 

The Philomelians, an advanced glee club of women's 
voices, meets weekly for the practice of cantatas, operettas, 
glees, etc. 

Physical Education. 

Mr. Burckhalter Mrs. Burckhalter 

Mr. Lever Miss Rice 

Physical education includes gymnastics, athletics, plays 
and games, and hygiene, all of which are phases of physical 
education and means to the attainment and maintenance of 
health and physical efficiency. 

Each student is required to take the physical examina- 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

tion and measurements at the opening of the school year upon or 
entrance to the school and thereafter whenever the instructors 
in charge deem it necessary. This is for the purpose of assist- 
ing the instructors in the individual prescription of exercise 
and to prevent accidents. 

Physical education is classified under two heads, general 
and special. General physical education is planned to meet 
the legal requirements governing the physical education of 
students. Special physical education consists of courses ar- 
ranged for the purpose of training teachers to conduct physical 
education in the public schools. The courses are as follows: 

General. 

General physical education consists of gymnastics and 
games, athletics and a prescribed amount of hygiene. One 
period three days a week in some phase of this work is re- 
quired of all students for a period of three years. The kind 
of practical work which a student may do is optional in so 
far as the physical condition and skill of the student will 
allow. Under certain conditions students may be excused by 
doctor's certificate. 

During the fall and springthe work for both men and women 
is of an athletic nature and is conducted in the open air while 
the weather is fair. During the cold winter months it con- 
sists of gymnastics and is conducted in the gymnasium. 

Gymnastics. Gymnastics for women consists of graded 
calisthenics, elementary apparatus exercises, games and 
gymnastic dancing. Gymnastics for men consists of graded 
calisthenics, heavy apparatus exercises and games. 

Athletics. Athletics at the Normal School is a phase 
of physical education. The object is to conduct athletics in 
the spirit of sport for sport's sake; to teach students to play 
in the true sportsman spirit of fairness and honor; to regard 
the pleasure of the contest and the honor of the Normal 
School as the primary incentive; to play courageously to the 
finish; to win whenever possible but never employing unfair 
or dishonorable methods. 

The Normal School supports representative teams in all 
lines of sport in season which compete with representative 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

teams from other educational institutions. Class teams for 
both men and women compete annually for school champion- 
ship honors. Winter out-door sports, especially skating, are 
encouraged. 

Special 

Physical Education 2. Gymnastic Dancing, Theory 
of Teaching Calisthenics, Emergencies and History of Physical 
Education. Three credits. Gymnastic dancing consists of 
fundamental dancing steps, folk dancing and aesthetic danc- 
ing. Two days a week throughout the year. 

Theory of teaching calisthenics consists of instruction and 
discussion of the technique of teaching calisthenic movements; 
the prevention and correction of faulty postures; and the 
maintenance of interest and discipline, etc. Three days a 
week during the fall term. 

History of physical education consists of lectures, quizzes 
and papers by the members of the class. The study will 
cover the physical training of the Ancients, physical training 
of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the beginning and 
development of physical education in Europe and the devel- 
opment and present status in the United States. Three days 
a week during the winter term. 

Emergencies consists of the study of methods of first aid 
to the injured — diagnosis and treatment of bruises, abrai- 
sions, sprains, fractures, poisons, contagions and infections, 
in the absence of a doctor. Three times a week during the 
spring term. 

Physical Education 3. Practical Gymnastics. Three 
credits. The course continues daily throughout two years. 
It consists of practice work on the gymnasium floor. The 
aim is to gain precision and accuracy of execution in teachers 
of gymnastics. 

Physical Education 4. Technique of gymnastics, ath- 
letics, competitive games and defensive sports. Recitations 
and practice, daily for one year, one and one-half credits. 

This course is intended to give instruction in coaching 
and teaching the various lines of physical activities. A de- 



VALLEY CITY NOR M A L S C II O O L 

tailed study will be made of each line and the best methods 
to use in teaching grade school and high school students. 
Field tactics and the playing of individual positions is a feat- 
ure. Training will be discussed. 

Defensive sports consists of two terms of practice twice 
a week in fencing, boxing or wrestling. 

Physical Education 5. Playgrounds, Plays and Games. 
Half term, one-half credit. This is a course in playground con- 
struction, equipment, administration, study of play and its 
function, and the actual playing of games in the gymnasium 
or play room and upon the playground. 

Physical Education 6. Anatomy. Two terms, two 
credits. This is a text book and lecture course in which the 
gross human anatomy is studied in sufficient detail to lay a 
foundation for the study of physiology and related topics. 
This course begins in the fall term. 

Physical Education 7. Physiology and Physiology of 
Exercise. One term, one credit. This course consists of a 
study of the functions of the organs of the human body and 
the influence of muscular exercise upon the various parts of 
the organism. 

Physical Education 8. Hygiene and Sanitation. One 
term, one credit. This is a course on personal and school hy- 
giene and sanitation of a public and a private nature. 

Physical Education 9. Physical Education in Public 
Grade Schools and High Schools. One term, one credit. In this 
course a study is made of the boys and girls in their periods 
of development and their physical needs in relation to public 
school environment. 

Physical Education 10. Zoology. Two terms, two 
credits. This course is taken with the department of biology. 
It consists of a study of the lower forms of life and of the stages 
of development through the intermediate to the higher forms 
as exemplified in the vertebrates. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Pyschology. 

Mr. Randels 

Psychology. One year. The course of the first two 
terms is designed to familiarize the student with the funda- 
mental facts and principles of mental phenomena and to lead 
him to observe his own mental states. The third term is 
devoted to a consideration of the facts concerning the devel- 
opment during childhood and adolescence, with special refer- 
ence to their significance in teaching. Texts: James' Psy- 
chology (Briefer Course) and Kirkpatrick's Fundamentals of 
Child Study. 

Advanced Psychology. One year. The methods of 
child psychology, biographical, observational, direct question, 
questionnaire, experimental, statistical and clinical. Special 
attention will be given to the clinical method of observation 
and description of children, normal, backward, and excep- 
tional. Two terms are given to laboratory work in experi- 
mental psychology. Text: Titchner's Experimental Psy- 
chology, (Qualitative Experiments.) 

Science. 

Mr. McMullen, Physics and Chemistry 
Mr. Johnson, Biology 
Miss Perrine, Geology and Astronomy 
Miss Schermerhorn, Geography 

Physics. Three terms. Required in the fourth year. 
The first term is given to mechanics, the second to sound and 
light, and the third to heat and electricity. The course is 
designed to give each graduate of the school a working 
knowledge of the every day principles of physics, to train the 
hand and eye, to inculcate habits of neatness and order, and 
to give speed and accuracy in arithmetic processes. Two 
periods are devoted to the work each day. A week's work 
usually consists of four periods in the laboratory, three periods 
in recording laboratory work and in text-book study, and 
three periods in recitation. Each student presents each term 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

a short paper or review of some published article of current 
physical interest. Text: McMullen's Forty Lessons in 
Physics. 

Advanced Physics. Three terms. An elective course 
in advance of the above, designed especially for students 
preparing to teach any branch of science. Much reading in 
magazines is done ; along with the laboratory work apparatus 
design and making are studied; and the pedagogy of the 
subject receives special attention. 

Chemistry. Three terms. While this is a required course 
for domestic science students, the first two terms are so ar- 
ranged that they may be elected by anyone desiring a knowl- 
edge of elementary chemistry. Brownlee and others is the 
text. The third term, which must be preceded by physics 
also, is given over to the applications of physics and chemis- 
try which occur in the household. Most of this work is taken 
from catalogs and bulletins. 

Elementary Human Physiology and Hygiene. One 
term. Classes in this subject will be formed whenever the 
demand warrants. This course takes only one term for its 
completion and is designed especially for those who expect 
to teach before graduation. It gives no credit on the regular 
Normal Course. 

Botany. Three terms. Required of all juniors, not en- 
rolled in Zoology. A study of plant groups. Laboratory and 
field work required throughout. 

Zoology. Three terms. A practical acquaintance with 
animal life is sought. Special attention given to insects and 
birds on account of their nature study value and economic 
importance. The work culminates in a term's work in hu- 
man physiology. Required of all juniors not enrolled in 
Botany. 

Economic Biology. This course is designed especially 
for students of domestic science. The aim is to gain some 
fundamental conceptions of plant and animal structure and 
physiology, and to apply the knowledge thus gained to the 
problems of home-making. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Practical Forestry. Elective. Requires no previous 
training in biological science, altho a knowledge of elementary 
botany will prove helpful. The identification, propagation 
and care of the native trees and shrubs is studied in the field. 
Offered in the spring term of each year. 

Geography. First year. Three terms. First term: 
The fundamental facts and principles of mathematical and 
physical geography. Special topics treated through the use 
of the library, museum, and field excursions. The under- 
standing and use of topographic maps. Second term: A de- 
tailed study of North America and the United States, show- 
ing the relation of physiography and climate to the industries 
of the country and to the distribution of life. Third term: 
A further application of the first term's work to the other 
continents. Six weeks are given to Europe, the center of 
civilization, studying the life and industries of each country 
from a causal point of view. 

Review Geography. One term in the fourth year. The 
fundamental principles of mathematical and physical geogra- 
phy, together with a study of a few types in political and 
commercial geography. The work of the grades is outlined. 

Physical Geography. One term. Third year, elective. 
A more thorough understanding of the great agencies modi- 
fying the earth's relief, and of the conditions governing life 
upon its surface; the gaining of an ability to observe accu- 
rately the phenomena of nature and to explain approximately 
the more familiar ones. 

Geology. One term. Third year, elective. The forces 
and agencies by which the past and present relief of the earth 
has been determined, and their mode of operation. A short 
period is devoted to the study of common minerals and rocks 
in the laboratory, using the geological collections in the 
museum. 

Elementary Astronomy. One term. Third year elec- 
tive. Study of the more important heavenly bodies and the 
natural laws governing them, and the causes of climates, 
change of seasons, etc., preparatory to teaching geography 
and nature study in the grades. 



V A L L i: V CI T V NORMAL S C H () () L 



Training School. 



Mr. Hollis Miss Norton Miss Levens 

Miss Burns Miss Miller Miss Nelson 

Miss Portman 

The School of Practice gives the student an opportunity 
to apply his knowledge of psychology, general and special 
methods in the work of instruction, to observe children, and 
to gain skill in teaching. The school is made a typical one as 
far as possible in regard to curriculum, method of instruction, 
school management, and discipline of children. 

Each Normal School student is required to teach in the 
school of practice not less than one hour per day for one year 
before graduation. More practice will be required by the 
faculty, if the pupil seems to need it. Prior to taking practice 
work the student must have studied psychology, general and 
special method. The pupil teachers will be expected to help 
in the morning exercises, and control, as far as practicable, 
the children in their class rooms. Each teacher must be able 
to teach singing and drawing. 

Directions in regard to the general management, and the 
general duties of the pupil teachers are given to each student, 
together with an outline of the work that is to be done by 
each teacher. In the assignment of work, pupil teachers are 
given different grades to teach, and as far as possible their 
preferences are considered. 

A thorough academic and pedagogical preparation of 
every lesson is insisted upon. To secure this, plans are made 
out one week in advance. Each plan is corrected by either 
critic teacher or the supervisor, and plans are reconstructed by 
the pupil teachers on the basis of the various suggestions be- 
fore they are used. 

All instruction is under the direct supervision of the 
critic teacher or the supervisor. Assistance is given in the 
work of instruction, by the critic teacher teaching the class 
while the pupil teacher observes, by written suggestions, by 
personal conferences, and by general critic meetings. Gen- 
eral critic meetings are held once a week, on Wednesdays at 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

four. In these meetings general suggestions are given to all, 
corrections are made in the light of accepted educational 
theories, the application of certain principles of the work is 
discussed, the difficulties and faults of individual pupils are 
talked over, and the best ways of helping them are considered. 
Department critic meetings are held each Thursday at four, 
in the various Model school rooms. 

The Model school offers all grades from Kindergarten to 
eighth inclusive. The pupils are principally from Valley City, 
though the school is open to children from any part of the 
state. There is no tuition in this department. A student 
completing the course in the practice school is given a diploma, 
and admitted to the Normal department. The teaching in 
all grades is done partly by the seniors under the direct over- 
sight of the critic teacher in charge of each room and partly 
by the critic teachers themselves, who exhibit model lessons 
as the basis for observation on the part of the seniors. 

The school is supplied with needed appliances, and in 
every way is equal to the best elementary schools of the state. 
The moral and social tone of this department is of the highest 
order, on account of the contact which the pupils have with 
the students and teachers of the Normal department. 

Beginning next year, a ninth grade or first year high school 
class will be organized for model school graduates and other 
eighth grade graduates under sixteen years of age. 

The Model school pupils support an active athletic asso- 
ciation and have basketball and tennis courts of their own. 
Model school pupils have the most beautiful and well equipped 
play ground in the state. A school garden is cared for by 
the pupils, and a series of educational trips to the flour mill, 
electric railway and other industrial plants is distributed 
throughout the year. 

The Kindergarten course is of the standard two years' 
length, open to seniors or those who have an equivalent high 
school training. A diploma is granted, and a limited amount 
of practice is allowed those who take the work in Kindergar- 
ten theorv. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

The Conservatory of Music. 

Mr. Goodsell Mr. Froysaa Miss Dedrick. 

Miss Underwood Miss Healey Mr. Boughton 

The Conservatory of Music offers instruction in all 
branches of the musical art with a view to training not only 
singers and performers of merit, but also teachers of music so 
much needed in many communities of our state. Courses are 
offered in voice, piano, violin, mandolin, guitar, cornet, 
trombone, and other band and orchestral instruments. 

Among the leading features of this department may be 
mentioned a choral society of more than a hundred voices, a 
symphony orchestra, and a band. A number of recitals and 
concerts are given during the year, the season culminating in 
the splendid May Music Festival. Thuce the Conservatory 
has brought to Valley City the Minneapolis Symphony Or- 
chestra. Such famous artists as Lillian Nordica, Marcella 
Sembrich, Nellie Melba, David Bispham, and Ludwig Wullner 
have appeared in the Normal Auditorium. 

For detailed information regarding the work of this de- 
partment, address H. E. Goodsell, Dean. 

"The idea that instruction in music should not be isolated, 
that it should form a part of the education, is splendid; its 
practical application would certainly be of advantage to music 
as well as to education." — Franz Liszt. 




VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 



General Information. 

Location. 

VALLEY CITY, the county seat of Barnes County, is 
a thrifty city of 6,000 inhabitants at the junction 
of the Northern Pacific and the Sault Ste. Marie 
railroads. It is, therefore, easy of access from all 
parts of the state and of the country. All trains on both of 
these lines that do business in North Dakota stop at Valley 
City. 

The site of the city is picturesque, beautiful and healthful 
and furnishes abundant opportunity for profitable field work 
in geography, geology, agriculture and nature study. 



Building and Grounds. 

The school work is conducted in six large buildings on 
the main campus all connected with each other. The insti- 
tution owns its own power and heating plant, and all its 
buildings are lighted by electricity and scientifically venti- 
lated. Closets, bathrooms, lavatories, and gymnasia are 
abundant for the needs of all the students. The auditorium, 
in which all the general exercises are held, is the largest and 
best in the state. 

The grounds of the Normal School are highly attractive. 
The buildings are placed in a natural forest on a slight emi- 
nence at the foot of the high bluffs south of the city. The 
campus consists of 50 acres comprising a beautiful wooded 
park immediately bordered by the Sheyenne River and by 
tree-covered hillsides to the rear, and having sufficient level 
upland for an athletic park, school gardens, etc. 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NOR M A L 



SCHOOL 



History, 



W^^^HE State Normal School was located by the Consti- 
■ ^j tutional Convention; the act founding it was ap- 
^^^^ proved March 8, 1890. The school was first opened 
October 13, 1890, in a room rented for the purpose. 
The first maintenance was provided by appropriation March 
2, 1892, and March 7th of the same year the act under which 
its operation is provided for was approved. A Board of 
Management was appointed and the school opened its doors 
for the second session September 28, 1891, supported by 
funds appropriated by the state. Its first building was dedi- 
cated September 6, 1892. Since that time it has erected or 
purchased for its use eight other buildings. Its faculty has 
grown from one member in 1890 to fifty instructors, 1911. 
Its first class graduated in June, 1894, and was three in num- 
ber. In 1911 the graduating class contains 149. 

The following table shows the most significant facts in 
relation to the yearly growth of the institution. 







Number 












Number 


Students 




Number 






Date of Opening 


m 


Normal 


Total 


Gradu- 


Average 


Summer 




Faculty 


Depart- 
ment 


No. 


ates 


Age 


School 


October 13, 1890 


1 


21 


21 








September 28, 1891 


2 


65 


65 








September 27, 1892 


5 


116 


116 




18. 




September 26, 1893 


8 


140 


256 


3 


19.5 




September 25, 1894 


8 


164 


245 


11 


19.5 




September 24, 1895 


8 


130 


215 


5 


20.5 




September 22, 1896 


8 


143 


213 


9 






September 27, 1897 


8 


146 


158 


1 


20.5 




September 26, 1898 


8 


145 


181 


4 


20.5 




September 27, 1899 


10 


179 


254 


10 


20.5 




September 25, 1900 


10 


170 


237 


10 


19.9 




Seotember 24, 1901 


11 


230 


315 


18 


19.7 




September 23, 1902 


14 


302 


478 


33 


19.4 




September 24, 1903 


16 


336 


636 


33 


19.8 


189 


September 27, 1904 


18 


402 


841 


48 


19.5 


289 


October 3, 1905 


25 


443 


997 


69 


19.5 


383 


September 25, 1906 


26 


480 


1119 


88 


19.43 


443 


September 24, 1907 


30 


552 


1278 


109 


19.02 


529 


September 29, 1908 


33 


624 


1634 


145 


19.5 


570 


September 28, 1909 


45 


626 


1511 


133 


19.3 


580 


September 27, 1910 


47 


622 


1493 


149 


20. 


645 



Library. 



The school has a good working library of about 8,000 
volumes. It occupies a large room on the second floor and is 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

easily accessible from all parts of the institution. Educational 
documents from other states and all North Dakota documents 
are on file in the library. 

In connection with the library an excellent reading room 
is maintained. It is supplied with newspapers and periodi- 
cals, and indexes give ready access to any article in these peri- 
odicals. Most of the state papers are on file so that students 
can read home news in the library of the institution. 

The city maintains a free Carnegie library open to all 
students of the Normal School; this library has a reading 
room and 3,000 volumes of well selected books. 

Museums. 

The curator is now giving her entire time to the manage- 
ment of an excellent museum which contains a large herbarium 
and collection of zoological types, fine private collection of 
eggs, hundreds of conchological and geological specimens, 
and other material of great service to the Biological and Agri- 
culture departments. Beside these, it has a large industrial 
collection including pictures, maps, railroad folders, stereop- 
ticon views, globes, and contributions from the leading manu- 
facturing firms of the country. All this material is in daily 
use in the class rooms of both the Normal School and Practice 
Department. 

The museum furnishes ample illustrative material for 
training school classes as well as for normal school instruction. 
A large supply of post cards is used in various classes with 
the projectoscope. 

It is open to visitors at somewhat irregular hours and the 
curator as his time and strength permits, will give lectures 
using the collections for illustrative purposes. 

Lecture Course. 

The Valley City Lecture Association supports the most 
expensive list of talent between Minneapolis and Butte. It 
will spend $1200.00 next season. The following talent was 
heard in the course last year : 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Maud Ballington Booth. 

Judge Ben w J>indsey. 

Sterling Jubilee Quartette. 

Chicago Operatic Company. 

William Battis. 

The Welsh Singers. 

Castle Square Quartette, and several others. 

Next season the association will surpass its own notable 
record by presenting the following attractive course : 

Alton Packard, the Sketch Artist. 

Whitney Brothers Male Quartet. 

Francis T. Heney, prosecutor of San Francisco boodlers. 

Laurant, the magician. 

The Le Brune Operatic Company. 

Congressman Berger, on Socialism. 

G. O. Shields, the Bird Man. 

Frank B. Cannon, first Senator from Utah in his expose 
of Mormonism, and one or two others yet to be selected. 

Students' tickets to the complete course are usually sold 
for $1.25. This gives students an opportunity to meet world- 
famous men, eminent lecturers, and artistic musicians, at a 
merely nominal cost. 

The Valley City Chautauqua Assembly offers ten days of 
instruction and entertainment in July. All students of the 
Summer school are furnished with a ticket to all of its pro- 
grams without other expense than the usual entrance fee of 
the school. 



Musical Advantages. 



Special encouragement is given to musical work at the 
Normal School. In 1908 the department of music was estab- 
lished, called the Normal School Conservatory. This depart- 
ment offers instruction in all phases of musical art and aims 
to train not only singers and performers of merit, but also 
teachers of music so much needed in many communities in 
our state. Private instruction is offered in voice, piano, 
violin, mandolin, guitar, trombone, and other band and or- 
chestral instruments. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

A leading feature of this Conservatory is the Choral 
Society of more than 100 voices giving at least two great con- 
certs each year. A symphony orchestra is also conducted. 
The music of the year culminates in a splendid May Musical 
Festival which, for two years past, has been assisted by the 
Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra and a large party of soloists. 

It is the aim of the institution to bring to the students 
and to the community at least one of the world-famous artists 
each year: November 29, 1909, Madame Sembrich, the cele- 
brated soprano sang, and November 14, 1908, Madame Nor- 
dica appeared in the auditorium. 

As a step in advance of even these great musical achieve- 
ments, the Normal Conservatory presented in the auditorium, 
October 19, 1910, the world's acknowledged greatest living 
soprano, Madame Nellie Melba. 

The artist for 1911 has not been selected but a contract 
will be made with the best talent available in this part of the 
country. 

Every year singing classes are offered in the regular 
Normal department free to all students. The first year's 
work mastering the technical phases of the subject; the second 
year offers rehearsals in chorus singing. 

The Glee Club is an organization of young ladies who have 
had the two years' instruction above referred to. They hold 
weekly meetings under the direction of the instructor of pub- 
lic school singing. An orchestra has been maintained for 
several years, to which any student having a suitable instru- 
ment may be admitted without expense. 

The Normal School Band is an attractive organization 
and is open to both young men and young women who are 
musically inclined. Instruction is also offered in this organi- 
zation. 

A mandolin and guitar club will be formed if the demand 
be sufficient to justify it. 

Religious Influence. 

Any teaching sectarian in religion or partisan in politics 
is contrary to the policies of the institution. It aims, how- 



V A L L BY CITY N O R M A L SCHOOL 



ever, to develop a high moral sense and a true Christian spirit. 
A very simple religious exercise is a feature of each daily 
assembly. Students are urged to attend the church of their 
choice at least once each Sunday. 

The students have, themselves, organized and are regu- 
larly conducting a Y. M. C. A. and a Y. W. C. A., and there 
is a Newman Club for the Catholic students. These organi- 
zations usually hold weekly meetings. 

These two societies conduct many forms of bible study 
and other forms of religious instruction including a course of 
lectures on Sunday School aims and methods in the spring 
term. 

Christian organizations aim to shape the social life of the 
institution and to serve incoming students by meeting them 
at the train, securing boarding places, and helping in other 
matters where new students have need. 

Athletics. 

The students of the school support an athletic associa- 
tion; football, basketball, baseball, and track work can be 
participated in by any who desire these forms of exercise and 
practice. The school has made an excellent record in its ath- 
letic work, and one instructor gives a part of every day to this 
feature. The school provides ample gymnasia, athletic 
grounds with football field and baseball diamond, several 
tennis courts, and daily instruction in calisthenics. 

Expenses. 

Tuition is free, but a matriculation fee is required by 
authority of the board of trustees. Those who enter in the 
fall term pay $5.00, winter term $4.00, and spring term $3.00. 
These fees are paid on the day of entrance. In addition, each 
student is required to deposit $1.00 to cover breakage or 
damage to school property; this fee is returned at the close 
of the year, if there are no charges against the student. 

Expenses at this institution are as low as at any school 
in the Northwest; at the same time, a high standard of living 
is maintained. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Board and room can be obtained for $3.50 a week. By 
the formation of clubs, board and room can be had for less; 
other expenses are what the student chooses to make them. 

The institution now has three fine dormitories near the 
school accommodating 150 young women. Everything in 
them for comfortable living is furnished except soap and 
napkin ring, both of which the student should bring. The 
charge is $45.00 for the term of 12 weeks payable by the 
month, always in advance. No reductions or commutations 
are allowed except in cases of severe sickness. Young women 
in these Halls are under the direct charge of the matron, 
subject to rules posted in the building. 

The Episcopal Church owns and operates a delightful 
home for young ladies within two blocks of the school, fur- 
nishing board and room at a very moderate price. A com- 
petent matron is in charge. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church also operates, as a 
feature of their Wesley College work, a home for young 
women in which young ladies from Methodist homes are given 
preference. A matron conducts this institution also, and the 
charges are very moderate. These dormitories are under a 
distinct religious influence without sectarianism. 

Students desiring to reserve a room in advance should 
send $2.00 to the President of the school, expressing at the 
same time their preference among these several dormitories. 
The $2.00 is credited on the first month's board. In case the 
student does not come within the first two days of school, 
this fee is forfeited. Students are advised to reserve their 
rooms in advance. 

In addition to the above facilities, there are a large num- 
ber of private homes which make a practice of accommodat- 
ing students of the Normal School at prices that vary accord- 
ing to location and kind of accommodation offered. No stu- 
dent need hesitate to come to Valley City any time in the 
year, even though a boarding place has not been secured in 
advance. The school always has a list of private boarding 
places at its office and gladly help all students to find a home 
in Valley City. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Book Store. 

The school conducts a small book store where students 
can secure books and all students' materials at prices less than 
those usually charged at retail book stores. 

Pure Water. 

The Normal School is supplied with water from a spring 
on its own grounds of unusual power and palatability. It has 
been analyzed by Professor E. F. Ladd, State Food Commis- 
sioner, and is found to be of exceptional purity. This water 
is supplied to all parts of the building. To the ample use of 
this pure water, with the regular physical exercise required of 
all students, is attributed the phenomenal health which has 
always characterized the student body. Absence for sickness 
is rare. Germ diseases having their source in the water supply 
are very infrequent indeed. 

Faculty Advisory System. 

In order to keep in closer touch with the lives of students 
and understand their needs more fully, students are assigned 
in groups of about twenty to the several members of the 
faculty. The instructor thus becomes in a peculiar sense, 
"guide, philosopher and friend" to each of his own group. He 
or she considers with each student such questions as study 
hours, course of study to be pursued, conduct of social affairs, 
health, boarding house arrangements, and many other prob- 
lems that students have to solve. All cases of sickness are 
reported at once to the faculty adviser, and protracted ab- 
sences are investigated by him. In this way the individual 
needs of the student are not lost sight of in the mass. 

Advice To Intending Students. 

Read this book carefully. 

Do not be afraid to ask questions, by letter before you 
arrive, or personally at the office after arrival. 

Be present the first day of the term if possible. 



VALLEY CITY NORMAL SCHOOL 

Do not take too many subjects. Five is the maximum 
without faculty permission. 

Report to the office for all needed assistance and advice 
immediately upon arrival. 

Bring such text books and books of reference as you may 
have. 

Some Things Expected Of Students. 

There are few rules to be observed at this institution, 
but the following requirements seem to be dictated by good 
sense and our experience in dealing with large bodies of stu- 
dents and may be said to express the school ideals. Students 
are, therefore, required: 

To conform to rules that may be announced from time 
to time. 

To be prompt and regular in attendance on all school 
exercises. 

To observe such hours of study as may be designated. 

To conform to the ordinary usages of good society in their 
relations to the public, to the teachers, and to each other. 

To leave the city only on permission of the faculty ad- 
viser. 

To occupy no boarding house not approved at the office. 

To take proper care of all school property they may be 
using. 

To refrain from any action that would bring discredit 
upon the good name of the student body. 

To refrain from participation in private classes, local 
entertainments, social functions, or any other enterprise that 
will clash with school w r ork, until the consent of the President 
has been secured. 

To submit to full physical examination by the physical 
director of the school upon entrance and after being infected 
with any contagious disease. 

To secure a written statement from the physical director 
before re-entering, authorizing his return. 



V A L L E V 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Conclusion. 

The school is the property of the state, more particularly 
of the teachers of the state. Its class exercises are always 
open to the public. Every citizen of the state is cordially 
welcome at any time. 

For further information concerning the school, and for 
bulletins and circulars, address THE PRESIDENT OF THE 
NORMAL SCHOOL, VALLEY CITY, NORTH DAKOTA. 




VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Catalogue of Students. 



GRADUATES DECEMBER 17, 1910 — NINE 
ONE YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 



Anderson, Levi F., Warren, Minn. 
Dunning, Lillie E., Buffalo Springs. 
Hampen, Sina, Everett, Wash. 
Leighton, Nellie, Cavalier 
McCullen, M. Lucille, Underwood 



Nepstad, Emma B., Oakes 

Peterson, Nora, Lyle, Minn. 

Strand, Edna Henrietta, Fergus Falls, Minn. 

Waldie. Ruby V., Dickey 



GRADUATES MARCH 2.5, 1911 — FIVE 



Backman, Eva U., Rushford, Minn. 
Brown, Lucy E., Thompson 
Daugherty, Maude, Indianapolis, Ind. 



Geir, Lauga, Edinburg 
Purdon, Clara M., Wahpeton 



GRADUATES JUNE 23, 1911 — ONE HUNDRED ONE 
FOUR YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 



Bemis, Alice Cora, Courtenay 
Bemis, Hazel Martha, Courtenay 
Bemis, Lula Pearl, Courtenay 
Borderud, Geneva H., Davenport 
Brindle, Verda May, Hazelton 
Brinton, Mary Ethel, Fessenden 
Campbell, Cora I., Wyndmere 
Chilberg, Hazel L., Valley City 
Cruden, Catherine, Amenia 
Duncan, Jessie, Josephine 
Farley, Margaret, Spiritwood 
Fitch, Florence, Napoleon 
Forbes, Hazel J., Washburn 
Johnson, Nora C, Valley City 



Kunkel, Gladys, Fessenden 
La Lander, Mathilde J., Cooperstown 
Lannon, Grace C, Valley City 
McAndrew, Gertrude A., Cogswell 
Mc Andrew, Julia, Cogswell 
McMichael, Mildred, Hope 
Maxwell, Esther F., Wilton 
Schroeder, Cornelia, Valley City 
Schulestad, Lottie, Reynolds 
Selden, Eleanor Bertha, Valley City 
Stuff, Dorothy G., Jamestown 
Swanson, Axel F., Valley City 
Wilson, Juliette, Fargo 



ONE YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 



Ackerman, Marie, New England 

Agern, Ida, Fergus Falls, Minn. 

Anderson, Cora A., Bathgate 

Arhart, Florence, New Ulm, Minn. 

Axness, Clara C, Willmar, Minn. 

Barkee, Genevieve, Cooperstown 

Barry, Aimee G., Hermann, Minn. 

Bridston, Olga A., Wahpeton 

Brown, Edna N., Bismarck 

Bye, Josephine, Kenmare 

Clark, Teresa L., Kenmare 

Cole, Emma J., Hope 

Cole, Olive F., Hope 

Cowin, Vernadel M., St. Thomas 

Dalrymple, Gertrude, Casselton 

Davidson, Nellie, Williston 

Daymon, Elizabeth, Drayton 

Dyste, Marie, Forman 

Engle, Metta L., Enderlin 

Erickson, Florence A., Fergus Falls, Minn. 

Flint, Helen, Terry, Mont. 

Foster, Lucile L., Valley City 

Fox, Coral M., Grand Forks 

Froelich, Frances, Minto 

Gardner, Faith L., Fargo 

Grinager, Elizabeth, Lisbon 

Haas, Menga B., New Rochford 

Hall, Teresa M., Grafton 

Hanson, Laura A., Grafton 

Harden, Delia M., Breckenridge, Minn. 

Hendrickson, Nora H., Kenmare 

Hillier, Lottie A., Grafton 



Hoff, Lillian E., Sheldon 

Horstmann, Hilda E., Barron, Wis. 

Hugelin, Henry J., Fergus Falls, Minn. 

Hulbert, Lula E., Barron, Wis. 

Karr, William M., Valley City 

Keene, Vera, Valley City 

Kersting, Nellie Mae, Black River Falls, Wis. 

Kruempel, Martha E., LaMoure 

Landblom, William A., Fargo 

Larson, Jenevieve, Barron, Wis. 

Lillethun, Lydia R., Red Wing, Minn. 

Lindblad, Gertrude E., Driscoll 

Lindgren, Eva C, Red Wing, Minn. 

Marvel, Nellie, Brittin 

Maurer, Ada M., Bismarck 

Monte wske, Martha, Minto 

Morden, Mabel H., Cavalier 

Morris, Jennie I., Carrington 

Morris, Kathleen, Carrington 

Mounger, Rebecca Adele, Williston 

Murphy, Amabel C , Grafton 

Murray, Etta, Lisbon 

Nepstad, Inga A., Oakes 

Novotny, Anna M., Lidgerwood 

Peterson, Bertha M., Stanton 

Pieh, Lillie M., Enderlin 

Quigg, Carol ynn E., Oakes 

Ranes, Ruth, Lisbon 

Roach, Teresa M., Carrington 

Schuster, Anna M., Calio 

Skjod, Leona Mae, Man dan 

Skretting, Ida M., Valley City 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Smith, Frances M., Vallcv City 
vStahlum, M. Florence. Valley City 
Sutterlin, Lena S., St. Thomas 
Thompson, Lenore Easton, Devils Lake 
Tice, Vesta M., Larimore 
Titus, Leonora B., Buffalo 



Tucker, Mildred I., Page 
Traynor, Gertrude, Grand Forks 
Wagle, Marie, Valley City 
White, Grace C, Marshall, Minn. 
Willis, Ruth C, Rhame 
Young, Clare M., Wahpeton 



FIVE YEAR ADVANCED COURSE 
Buchholz, Theodore G., Davenport 



Best, Helen M., Enderlin 



TWO YEAR ADVANCED COURSE 

Fitzgerald, J. Edward, Valley City 



Anderson, Minnie, Valley City 

Domestic Science 
Arhart, Florence, New Ulm, Minn. 

Domestic Science 
B organ, Dagney M., Wahpeton 

Domestic Science 
Backman, Eva U., Rushford, Minn 

Music and Drawing 
Banish/William, Sheldon 

Manual Training 
Erlandson, Josephine, Helena 

Domestic Science 



SPECIAL COURSE 

Fristad, Millie, Norma 



Music and Drawing 
Gullickson, Bertha, Enderlin 

Music and Drawing 
Marsh, Helen, Steele 

Physical Education 

Natwick, Tilda R., Viroqua, Wis. 

Domestic Science 
Westergaard, Elvina, Buffalo 

Music and Drawing 



GRADUATES AUGUST 9, 1911 

TWO YEAR ADVANCED COURSE 

Zabel, Amanda, Valley City 

TWO YEAR SPECIAL COURSE 



McCullen, M. Lucile, Underwood 

Domestic Science 



Swenson, Florence, Valley City 

Domestic Science 



Arnold, Cecil, Beach 



GRADUATES AUGUST 9, 1911 
FOUR YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 

Young, Jessie E., Valley City 

ONE YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 



Anderson, Norma E., Grafton 
Carlson, Ida C, Detroit, Minn. 
Davidson, Nellie, Williston 
Dean, Carrie St. John, Hatton 
Ferguson, Ethel E., Drayton 
Helbing, Geneva S., Glenwood, Minn. 
Koehmstedt, Ellen ora, Langdon 
Larson, Martha C, Sheldon 
Love, Olive Beth, Jamestown 
McPherson, Constance I., Valley City 



Mann, Lena, New Salem 
Milton, Mabel, Valley City 
Morrison, Violet, Sheldon 
Nichols, Mary Elta, Oakes 
Odell, Ella M., Willmar, Minn. 
Scheidt, Hulda, Kulm 
Serbo, Nora S., Reynolds 
Van Camp, Ella, St. Thomas 
Wilkie, Ella, Valier, Mont. 



GRADUATES DECEMBER 16, 1911 
FOUR YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 



Anderson, Guss M., Valley City 
Anderson, Oscar, Valley Qity 
Barr, Walter W., Valley City 
Cannell, Mona E., Glen Ullin 



Carlson, Edwin, Valley City 
Christensen, Marie M., Kensal 
Hrabe, Nettie, Knox 



ONE YEAR ELEMENTARY COURSE 



Clark, Elizabeth, Valley City 
Elmslie, Ida B., Devils Lake 
Evingson, Caroline J., Kindred 
Goss, Pearl I., New Rockford 



Hansen, Clara M., Wahpeton 
Hersey, Jennie, New Rockford 
Olson, Jennie, Valley City 
Parizek, Adda, Lidgerwood 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



STUDENTS DOING SENIOR WORK 



Anderson, Emma E., Muskegon, Mich. 
Anfinson, Eva M., Valley City 
Borrill, Elfreda, New England 
Creighton, Alice, Spiritwood 
Douglas, Laura M., Bembina 
Ferguson, Mary I., Lisbon 
Gray, Edna, Hope 
Grover, Genevieve M., Grafton 



Halpin, Sara E., Crosby 

Hanson, Mabel G., Kenyon, Minn. 

Muir, Maude A., LaMoure 

Murray, May, Wahpeton 

Morton, Ada, Page 

Peterson, Jennie E., Eau Claire, Wis. 

Smith, Violet, Fosston, Minn. 



SPECIAL STUDENTS 



Bagemiel, Alice, Casselton 
Berg, Alma, Valley City 
Blank, Etta, Valley City 
Chamberlain, Emma E., Oakes 
Colville, Clarence, Valley City 
Cowell, Ella, Valley City 
Crane, Mabel, Enderlin 
Faust, Bertha, Valley City 
Funfar, Mary, Glenville 
Gray, Amy, Valley City 
McDonald, Florence A., Valley City 
McDonald, Marjorie J., Valley City 



Anderson, Edna E., Valley City 
Anderson, Emma, Valley City 
Austfjord, Eikard, Hensel 
Barningham, Vida, Valley City 
Bekkerus, Emma O., Hurdsfield 
Bleese, Adolph B., Enderlin 
Borchert, Otto, Cooperstown 
Bougler, Nellie, Starkweather 
Brewster, Hazel, Valley City 
Bull, Jorina, Cooperstown 
Collis, Edith, Medora 
Eidsvig, Martha, Eastedge 
Faust, Tyra, Valley City 
Fifield, Mae, Wyndmere 
Gale, Jessie E., Valley City 
Galegher, Alice, Thompson 
Galegher, Myrtle, Thompson 
Getchell, Miriam, Valley City 
Graber, Carl, Starkweather 
Granger, Clifford, Valley City 
Hartnett, Katherine, Napoleon 
Hendrickson, Ella L., Tunbridge 
Hersey, Jennie, New Rockford 
Herziger, Genevieve, Valley City 
Johnson, Bessie, Buchanan 



Abelein, E. Villa, Anamoose 
Anderson, '^Louise A., Glover 
Angelsberg, Marie, Thompson 
Barr, Edward A., Page 
Barr, Louise W., Page 
Barr, Milton, Valley City 
Barr, William, Valley City 
Bekkerus, Signe A., Hurdsfield 
Belzer, Tusse, White Rock, S. D 
Blake, Maggie C, DeLamere 
Bohan, Blanche, Tolley 
Boyd, May Jeannette, Crary 
Brander, Jennie M., Souris 
Brooke, Dorothy, Valley City 
Brown, Bertha, Durand, Wis. 
Bullamore, Edna, Glen Ullin 
Carlson, Mabel, Coleharner 
Carter, Pearl, Glen Ullin 
Cichocki, Michael, Valley City 
Conitz, Sclma M. A., Youngtown 



McFarland, Genevieve, Valley City 
Mason, Blanche Geneva, Valley City 
Meldahl, Agnes, Valley City 
Miller, Emma, Fargo 
Murphy, Alice, Faribault, Minn. 
Peake, Esther A., Valley City 
Port, Caroline, Casselton 
Schulte, Ada M., Casselton 
Sternberg, Elsie R., Valley City 
Thompson, Adele, Devils Lake 
Wilson, Lubelle, Fargo 



CLASS OF 1912 



Johnson, Ellen, Colgate 
Johnson, Maude C, Barlow 
Jones, Flossie, Steele 
Lahlum, Alma, Valley City 
Lannon, Maude, Valley City 
Lyken, Luella, Cogswell, 
Montgomery, Olive H., Cogswell 
Myhre, Ruth, Valley City 
Nankivel, James E., Becker 
Norgard, Berit, Valley City 
Peterson, Anna P., Sheyenne 
Qualey, Ruth, Marion 
Schmidt, Lena K., Abercrombie 
Shank, Alice, Milnor 
Skorpen, Celia, Valley City 
Stephens, L. Louise, Valley City 
Stevens, Blanche H., Oakes 
Stevens, Faith F., Oakes 
Veeder, Ethelyn, Mandan 
Whalin, Alma, Fingal 
Willman, Emil, Almont, 
Wilson, Ruth Verona 
Withee, Grace, Ellendale 
Wyman, Maude, Minneapolis, Minn. 



CLASS OF 1913 



Cornish, Lulu L., Valley City 
Cowdrey, Roy, Sanborn 
Cross, Marjorie, Valley City 
Cudd, Minnie, Mapleton 
Davis, Christine, Valley City 
Downie, Florence Edith, Lignite 
Ellingson, Hilda Anete. Chandler 
Ellingson, Emma M., Chandler 
Ennis, Dot, Pettibone 
Ensey, Kathryn, Valley City 
Esby, Myrtle, Valley City 
Esby, Nora J., Valley City 
Faust, Marcus, Valley City 
Fett, Louise, Hubbard, Iowa 
Flynn, Cassie Eva, Eckelson 
Fosgate, Laura, Lamoine 
Fridd, Gladys, Valley City 
Fritch, Carl I., Deckerville 
Furgeson, Alpha, Valley City 
Furgeson, Marie, Valley City 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Gaxtside, E. Lydia, Glen Ullin 
Gilbertson, Anna, Cogswell 
Granger, Glen, Valley City 
Grindahl, Mary, Litchville 
Groshon, Mrs. Myrtle E., Harvey 
Gunderson, Anna M., Valley City 
Gunderson, Gunda I., Valley City 
Halver, Mabel, Stark 
Hansen, Fannie, Valley City 
Hansen, Florence Valley City 
Hanson, Lessley, Valley City 
Hartnett, Lester, Napoleon 
Heimes, Clara F., Valley City 
Hendreckson, Emma, Mandan 
Hill, Gladys P., Valley City 
Hinkle, Goldie, Edgeland 
Hock, Libbie, Knox 
Hoggarth, Ernest, Hannaford 
Hrabe, Lydia, Knox 
Hussey, John A., Bordiilac 
Jenson, Hanna, Valley City 
Johnson, Clara, E dm ore 
Johnson, Mabel, Washburn 
Johnson, Mabel J., Valley City 
Johnson, Melvin, Valley City 
Jones, Gladys, Glen Ullin 
Jordahl, Mary Helen, Hoople 
Kjelland, Annie, Hastings 
Kjelland, Alma Blanche, Litchville 
Klubben, Bertha, Cooperstown 
Kramer, Maryann, Valley City 
Larson, Mary M., Valley City 
Larson, Amanda Rose, Dickey 
Larson, Grace, Valley City 
LaRue. Ruth Frances, Rhame 
McConnell, Ida, Wheatland 
McDonnell, Winifred, Valley City 
McFarland, R. Kenneth, Valley City 
McKay, Katie A., Hope 
McLees, Raymond, Sanborn 
McMonagle, J. H., Wahpeton 
Mackey, Arthur, Valley City 



Aas, Alexander, Valley City 
Aas, Selma, Valley City 
Abraham, Hattie, Minot 
Anderson, Andrew C, Marion 
Anderson, Blenda C, Washburn 
Barr, Elize B. C, Valley City 
Barr, Elsie J., Valley City 
Bemis, Hulda, Valley City 
Berg Martin, Hastings 
Besuchet, Lily, Newark, S. D. 
Borthwick, Mamie, Hamar 
Boucher, Ellen V., Medina 
Brindle, Lura L., Hazelton 
Brudeset, Tom J., Valley City 
Buchholz, Paul E., Davenport 
Burchill, Anna, Ashtabula 
Burke, Mabel A., McHenry 
Conitz, Hilmar, Bluegrass 
Cook, Ada Beatrice, Mott 
Cronen, Estelle M., Vallev City 
Dedrick, Hugh, Valley City 
Delameter, Vera Grace, Knox 
DeLancey, Helen M., Valley City 
DeLancey, Thomas, Valley City 
Deming, Louise, Valley City 
Dolan, Hazel, Nekoma 
Duncan, Edwin, Josephine 
Feltmann, Augusta, Valley City 
Finley, Ida, Page 
Flynn, Mary Eckelson 
Fuglass, Anna, Aneta 



Martin, Emma A., Oldham, S. D. 
Moe, Ida M., Valley City 
Myhre, Ernest, Valley City 
Myhro, Ida, Valley City 
Nelson, Daymar, Ft. Ransom 
Oleson, Edwin, Chandler 
Olson, Emilie M., Tower City 
Olstad, Magda, Valley City 
Pederson, Bessie, Wimbledon 
Pettit, Pearl, Backoo 
Pickard, Cccile, Turtle Lake 
RatzlafT, Minnie F. C, Valley City 
Riebe, Helena, Pingree 
Rogne, Margaret, Manfred 
Roth, Esther E., McKenzie 
Roth, Florence F., McKenzie 
Sandberg, Eva, Valley City 
Schony, Carrie B., Steele 
Schulstad, Olivy, Reynolds 
Severson, Martina, Kindred 
Shrum, Edmund J., Valley City 
Skonnard, Arthur, Valley City 
Skonnard, Richard, Valley City 
Skorpen, Karen, Valley City 
Skorpen, Thomas, Valley City 
Sowden, Alice, Valley City 
Stansbury, Mamie Elizabeth, Finley 
Stenshoel, Clara, Valley City 
Stenshoel, Elsie, Valley City 
Tangen, Peter, Pekin, 
Tanner, Olive A., Milnor 
Thoreson, Anne, Nome 
Thune, Lewis M., Kathryn 
Turk, Alta, Vallev Citv 
Wahl, Hilda K., Washburn 
Walker, Flora, Kathrvn 
White, Gussie, Valley" City 
Witting, Amanda, Bottineau 
Wooland, Emma O., Valley City 
Wr ght, Sara, Valley City 
Yaeger, Jeannette, Jamestown 



CLASS OF 1914 



Furgeson, Evrin Clarence, Valley City 
Gerntholz, Hattie L., Sanborn 
Gerntholz, Martha I., Sanborn 
Goeschel, Albert, New Salem 
Graber, Peter, Alsen 
Granger, Allen S., Valley City 
Greenwood, Ruby L., Valley City 
Grim, Valborg, Argyle, Minn. 
Hansen, Mabel Blenda, Valley City 
Harker, Florence, Rugby 
Harper, Earl V . Wiboux, Mont. 
Heyerdahl, Gilbert, Walum 
Ims, Inga, Sims 
Johannesen, Irene, McHenry 
Johannesen, Lonina, Kathryn 
Jacobson, Ida Marie, Nome 
Johnson, Archie, Braddock 
Johnson Valborg, Sims 
Jones, Minnie C., Mercer 
Jorgenson, Gertrude G., Bowman 
Kane, Mae E., Spiritwood 
Kelly, Margaret M., McCanna 
King, Ruth E., Starkweather 
Kjelland, Clara, Valley City 
Kraemer, Emma, Goodrich 
Kulseth, Margaret, Valley City 
Larson, Alice Valley City 
Larson, Clara, Valley City 
Larson, Harold, Valley City 
Lohr, Charles Wesley, Pettibone 
Lovelace, Florence Ella, Ft. Ransom 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Luchsinger, Stella E., Windsor 
Lynne, Lawrence, Valley City 
McFarland, Dorothy, Valley City 
McLennan, Russell, Hope 
MacDonald, Ethel, Valley City 
Marsh, Louise, Russell 
Meldahl, Lizzie, Valley City 
Menard, Genevieve E., Wilton 
Monson, Estella, Center 
Munson, Ellen D., Hastings, Minn. 
Myhra, Christine, Noonan 
Nelson, Adelia, Valley City 
Nelson, Nanna C, Dazey 
Nicholls, Alma M. E., Ypsilanti 
Olson, Clara E., Tower City 
Payton, Alta B., Oakes 
Pederson, Eistein, Valley City 
Peterson, Alva, Valley City 
Rasmussen, Mary, Hannaford 
Rathje, Esther, Tower City 
Rathje, Robert, Tower City 
Rathje, Lillie, Tower City- 
Rath je, George, Tower City 
Ratzlaff, Carl, Valley City 
Roberts, Harry, Medina 



Roth, Bessie, McKenzie 
Rude, Sarah, Valley City 
Rudh, Mary, Rothsay, Minn. 
Runner, Grace M., Laromore 
Sebby, Christine, Wimbledon 
Selbo, Conard, Valley City 
Selden, Howard D., Valley City 
Setz, Louise, Valley City 
Sheldon, Elizabeth, Balfour 
Sherlock, Agnes, Valley City 
Siverts, Minnie, Marshall 
Smith, Lester, Valley City 
Stack, Walter, Valley City 
Stiles, George, Valley City 
Stuewig, Benjamin, Valley City 
Suby, Selma, Nome 
Swenson, Clara, Valley City 
Tanner, Frances M., Milnor 
Tanner, Mabel, Milnor 
Vaught, Zoe M., Steele 
Weckerly, Norma, Deiscoll 
Wermager, Gusta, Houston, Minn. 
Wessels, Eva May, Neche 
White, Edwin, Valley City 
Wilson, Glen C, St. Peter, Minn. 



COMMERCIAL STUDENTS 



Aldahl, Geo. M.. Vallev City 
Bailey, Ralph, Valley City 
Barchus, Howard, Valley City 
Baumez, Edwin, Valley City 
Bolstad, Ivor, Valley City 
Bonhus, Thos., Valley City 
Burke, Kathryn, Hermann, Minn. 
Burkhart, Alta, Deering 
Burchill, John, Valley City 
Burchill, Wm„ Valley City 
Davidson. Harry T., Valley City 
Enerson, Palmer, Valley City 
Erickson, Martha, Valley City 
Fitzgerald, Leon, Valley City 
Grotberg, Clara, Vallev City 
Hart, Paul F., Valley City 
Hoiland, Eison, Valley City 
Jensen, Estelle C, Valley City 
Kernkamp, Leroy, Valley City 
Kloubec, Edwin, LaMoure 
Lampman, Clifford, Valley City 
Laughlin, Mrs. O. A., Valley City 
Lees, Norman, Buchanan 
McCready, Edgar, Valley City 
McDonald, Ronald, Valley City 
Markuson, Alfred, Valley City 



Montgomery, Mabel, Oriska 
Moore, Thomas, Valley City 
Myhre, Howard, Valley City 
Nicoli, Lewis Carl, Valley City 
Noltimier, Earl, Valley City 
Nordgaard, Julis, Valley City 
Oppegaard, Carrie, VaUey City 
Pederson, Peder, Vallev City 
Personius, Alfred, Vallev City 
Ray, Edna, Valley City' 
Redman, George, Chicago, 111. 
Roth, Ernest, McKenzie 
Rude, Chester, Valley City 
Setz, George, Valley City 
Smith, Chester, Valley City 
Smith, Fred H., Valley City 
Starke, Gertrude, Valley City 
Stewart, Wm. R., Valley Citv 
Stuewig, Hittie, Valley City 
Swanson, Bernard, Valley City 
Thorkelson, Harold, Valley City 
Vaupel, Vera, Malta, Mont. 
Washburn, Harvey L., Valley City 
White, John M., Valley City 
Zimmerman, Theodore 



GRADUATES FROM THE RURAL SCHOOL COURSE, AUGUST 26, 1910 - NINE 



Caldwell, Alta I., Coleharbor 
Caldwell, Ella, Beach 
Graber, Ida, Hensel 
Edd, Ebba, Milnor 
Hutchings, Zoe M., Sheldon 



Nelson, Cornie, Tappen 
Myhre, Mollie G., Colfax 
Tabbert, Anna, Sanborn 
Sellie, Hulda B., Sorkness 



GRADUATES FROM THE RURAL SCHOOL COURSE, DECEMBER 17, 1910 
Agarand, Angie, Hansboro Agarand, Louisa, Hansboro 



TWO 



GRADUATES FROM THE RURAL SCHOOL COURSE, MARCH 25, 1911 
Ellestad, Mabelle, Kindred Satterthwaite, Grace, Pana, 111. 



TWO 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



CANDIDATES FOR GRADUATION, RURAL SCHOOL COURSE, AUGUST 9, 1911 



Anderson, Cora P., Manfred 
Bekkerus, Marie, Hurdsfield 
Bliss, Jennie, Bottineau 
Boutch, Agnes M., Fried 
Broderson, Mamie, Pingree 
Burgess, Flora A., Marshall 
Cornish, Lulu, Valley City 
Dirks, Elizabeth, Pingree 
Frownfelter, Sylvia, Kensal 
Gallipo, Myrtle, Valley City 
Gibson, Jay W., Valley City 
Gran, Elma R., Gardena 
Haldi, Selma, Drake 
Hatch, Princess, Baldwin 
Hoflen, Pearl, Rutland 
Holter, Agnes, Valley City 
Kleinschmidt, Frieda, Balfour 
Larson, Mamie, Carpio 
Logan, Elja, Deering 
Luchsinger, Edna M., Windsor 



Lunde, Cam, Cooperstown 
Lynne, Annie, Mose 
McKay, Gladys M., Grand Harbor 
Mickelson, Mathilda, Ft. Ransom 
Ming, Sallie, DeSart 
Mitchell, Ellen P., Stanley 
Nelson, Hilda, Fingal 
Peterson, Annie, Columbus 
Puterbaugh, Carrie, New Home. 
Renz, Florence, McKenzie 
Richardson, Grace, Warwick 
Rockswold, Emma B., Litchville 
Rosberg, Mamie, Underwood 
Schroeder, Aletta, Valley City 
Schultz, Dorothv, Balfour 
Sherlock, Blanch, Valley City 
Stanley. Laura. Thompson 
Thue, "Ida P., Deapolis 
Wooland, Theresa, Valley City 



STUDENTS DOING RURAL COURSE WORK 



Berg, Bessie, Kathryn 
Black, Christena, Devils Lake 
Enge, Mathilda, Milnor 
Frownfelter, Clara, Kensal 
Gryde, Tilda, Hoople 
Haarsager, Peter, Litchville 



Krug, Letta, Valley City 
Monson, Myrtle, Cooperstown 
Fernyhough, Leeda May, Hansboro 
Poulson, Myrtle B., Goodrich 
Thoreson, Marie, Nome 
Wightman, Bernice, Valley City 



Summer School Students -- 1910 



Aas, Leif H., Northwood 

Adams, Caroline Edna, Sterling 

Agarand, Louise, Hansboro 

Albrecht, Lydia E., Fried 

Albrecht, Alice A., Fried 

Albrecht, Anna, Wimbledon 

Allen, Blanche. Noel 

Alness, Magdeline, Viroqua, Wis. 

Ames, Marv, Casselton 

Ames. Myrtle, Casselton 

Amundson, Gurina, Watson, Minn. 

Anderson, Emma Louise, Valley City 

Anderson, Mabel O.. Cooperstown 

Anderson, Levi F., Bottineau 

Anderson, Hilda Cecelia, Valley City 

Anderson, Edna Elirra, Valley City 

Anderson, Bessie, Valley City 

Anderson, Edith N., Hannaford 

Andreasen, Esther, Valley City 

Anglesberg, Marie, Thompson 

Arnold, Cecil, Beach 

Arntson, Lena, Lisbon 

Arves, Anna E., Kathryn 

Atkins, Eva, Berlin 

Aughnay, Florence M., Mandan 

Ayars, Flora, New Richland, Minn. 

Ayars, Florence E., New Richland, Minn. 

Ayrea, Inez,_ Cooperstown 

Ayrea, Mattie, Cooperstown 

Baarstad, Louise, Eastedge 

Badger, Clara Amy, Colgate 

Balsizer, Wm. A., Schafer 

Bauknecht, Tilda M., Mandan 

Barchus, Lura, Valley City 

Bard, Eva 

Barningham, Vida, Valley City 

Barr, Clara Lydia, Page 

Bate, Mary Helen, Charles City Iowa 



Bate, Lois J., Floyd, Iowa 

Baunez, Clara, Valley City 

Beach, Hazel, Courtenay 

Beal, May, Valley City 

Beckler, Harriet M., Buffalo Springs 

Beckman, Jennie, Edmunds 

Belzer, Clara E., Elliott 

Belzer, Tusse, White Rock, S. D. 

Bennett, Wm. R., Valley City 

Berg, Oney Jennett, Courtenay 

Berg, Hulda. Cooperstown 

Bergman, Ellen, Verndale, Minn. 

Berland, Anna, Nome 

Berland, Alma, Nome 

Billing, Elizabeth, Lisbon 

Billing, Margaret, Lisbon 

Bixby, Millie, Lisbon 

Black, Anna E., Cooperstown 

Black, Ella, Cooperstown 

Boardman, Ada R., Rochester, Minn. 

Bocan, Mabelle Marcella, Lona 

Boeder, Maude Elizabeth, New Rockford 

Bohan. Mary Ilene, Tallex 

Bolstad, Mabel, Valley City 

Borlang, Selma B., Wimbledon 

Borrill, Elfreda, New England 

Borthweck, Mamie, Hamar 

Boulger, Nellie, Starkweather 

Bowen, Gladys, Farman 

Bower, Harry, Edmunds 

Bracht, Gertrude, Chaffee 

Brand, Laurs M., LaMoure 

Brander, Jennie M., Sauris 

Brech, Lena Mary, Kensel 

Brindle, Carrie Estella, Ha^elton 

Brink, Martha, Detroit, Minn. 

Brinton, Ethel, Fessenden 

Brintton, Mathilda, Hannaford 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL SCHOOL 



Brubaker, Caddie Ruth, Cando 

Brunelle, Bertha Marie, Valley City 

Bratow, Lynda L., Driscoll 

Buh, Alma R., Gem 

Burge, Ethel, Linton 

Burgess, Marie A., Marshall 

Burns, Mamie, Glen Ullin 

Burkkart, M. Voila, Zion 

Bull, Jorina, Cooperstown 

Butlong, Martha O., Casselton 

Caine, Grace, Shelden 

Caldwell, Alta I., Coleharbor 

Caldwell, Ella, Beach 

Campbell, Marie, Enderlin, 

Cannell, Esther, Glen Ullin 

Cantwell, Mary, Mandan 

Carlson, Chas. G., Ft. Ranson 

Carlson, Alice Martilda, Lisbon 

Carlson, Mabel I., Coal Harbor 

Carlson, Nellie V., Forman 

Carpenter, Nellie J., Ashley 

Carroll, Kathrine, Warwick 

Carter, Clara L., Glen Ullin 

Cast, Mary Edith, Jamestown 

Chamberlain, Jennie, Anamoose 

Chamberlain, Harry G., Anamoose 

Chapman, Ethel A., Tower City 

Chilberg, Hazel Liona, Valley City 

Christenson, Amanda, Little Falls, Minn. 

Cichocki, Michael, Skogmo 

Clark, Alice C, Bismarck 

Coney, Cloe, Wimbledon 

Connelly, Acille B., Ft. Ransom 

Connelly, Anna B., Eckelson 

Connelly, Mae, Ft. Ransom 

Connolly, Genevieve B., Hensler 

Connolly, Mary, Eckelson 

Connolly, Nellie E., Hensler 

Conwell, Alice, Eckelson 

Corcoran, Mae M., Belle Plaine, Minn. 

Cosgrove, Eva, Wheatland 

Cosgrove, Kathrine, Madison, S. D. 

Coughlin, Blanche, Detroit, Minn. 

Covert, Ray E., Randall, Minn. 

Cowin, Veradel, St. Thomas _ 

Craig, Mildred, Big Lake, Minn. 

Crites, Rosa, Jamestown 

Croman, Estelle Mary, Valley City 

Cross, Mrs. Garnett, Harvey 

Cross, Lucy, Milnor 

Cross, Roy H., Harvey 

Dahlbeck, Julia Alfreda, Oakes 

Dains, Vina, LaMoure 

Dallen, Bessie, Jamestown 

Daniels, Sophia M., Marion 

Day, Mrs. Flora, Medina 

Dean, Anna, LaMoure 

Dean, Austie, LaMoure 

Dean, Carrie St. J., Hatton 

Dennison, Mary Kathrine, Jamestown 

Deskins, Nanna, Long Prairie, Minn. 

Dierck, E. Dorthy, Eckelson 

Divers, Roy, Lloyd 

Divers, Virginia, Liberty 

Dobrinz, Emma W., Mapleton 

Dodd. Agnes, Charles City, Iowa 

Dodge, Bertha T., Wilcox, Sask., Canada 

Drummond, Jane, Heron 

Duncan, Jessie M., Josephine 

Dunning, Fannie, Jamestown 

Duntley, Bessie Cynthia, Grandin 

Durkan, Anna C, Jamestown 

Dyste, Emma C, Forman 

Dyste, Nellie H., Forman 

Eberhardt, Corienne Louise, Anamoose 

Edd, Elba T. I., Milnor 



Edwards, Emma Mav, Courtenay 

Eiken, Mary M., Taylor 

Elder, Lilly, Eckelson 

Eldridge, Bertha M , Valley City 

Ellestad, Maybelle Belinda, Kindred 

Ell, Clara, Jamestown 

Ellsworth, Flossie, Anamoose 

Elmgren, Voila, Sheyenne 

Emery, Angle B., Valley City 

Empie, Lola, Trotter 

Enos, Winnifred, Brookings, S. D. 

Ensey, Kathryne, Valley City 

Erickson, Anna, Verndale, Minn. 

Erlandson, Josephine, Helena 

Esby, Alma M., ValleyCity 

Farley, Maude A., Spiritwood 

Farrell, Anna R., Hazelton 

Faulkner, Alma, Pingree 

Faulkner, Mary, Pingree 

Faust, Aurora, Valley City 

Faust, Tyra, Valley City 

Fay, Clara A., Farley, Iowa 

Ferguson, Florence, Anamoose 

Fernyhough, Leeda, Hansboro 

Field, Edna A., Valley City 

Field, Arthur Earl, LaMoure 

Fieldman, Iva B., Aetna 

Fields, Flossie M., Tiffany 

Fieldstad, Rose C., Lisbon 

Figgins, Jessie C, Warwick 

Fitzgerald, Edward, Valley City 

Fleek, Maude Irene, Elmgrove 

Fletcher, Myrtle, Valley City 

Flynn, Cassie Eva, Eckelson 

Flynn, Frances, Jamestown 

Flynn, Mary, Jamestown 

Folkestad, Laura, Valley City 

Follansbee, Christine, Charles City, Iowa 

Forbes, Gladys, Washburn 

Forberge, Anna, Fargo 

Ford, Margaret, New Rockford 

Foster, Lucile Lillian. Valley City 

Fowler, Bessie. Center 

Fox, Edgar B., Valley City 

Franeke, Kate R., Caledonia, Wis. 

Freeman, S. Lilja, Upham 

Freeman, Elfin, Sheldon 

Fullmore, Elfie, Sheldon 

Freg, Edna, Jamestown 

Fritz, Bruce S., Sheyenne 

Frogen, Agnes, Glover 

Frogen, Boletha, Oakes 

Friglass, Anne, Aneta 

Funfar, Mary L , Glenville, Minn. 

Furgeson, Marie, Valley City 

Gale, Jessie E., Valley City 

Galegher, Alice, Thompson 

Galegher, Myrtle, Thompson 

Gerrity, Mae Agnes, Wheelock 

Getchell, Millie/ Valley City 

Gibson, Vena, Brainerd, Minn. 

Gilbertson, Anna E., Cogswell 

Gilbertson, Ovida, Hickson 

Gillespie, Kathrine, Velva 

Gillies, Clara, Valley City 

Gleason, Eulalia, Medina 

Gleason, Mrs. Margaret, Medina 

Gohdes, Augusta, Davenport 

Graber, Ida, Hensel 

Granger, Clifford J., Valley City 

Gray, Edna, Hope 

Gray, Georgia E., Hope 

Greene, F. G., Rogers 

Grindsbuen, Iver I., Maple City, Mich. 

Gronbeck, Hennie Marie, Plumer 

Gubrud, Anna Tower City 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Gronvold, Anna G., Sheyonne 
Gunderson, Signa, Valley City 
Gustafson, Ella, Washburn 
Hass, Dora B., New Rockford 
llagen, Ida T. C, Cooperstown 
. Martin S., Ft. Ransom 
Haldorson, Margaret, Mountain 
Halverson, Agnes, River Falls, Wis. 
Halverson, Grace, Baldwin, Wis. 
Hanna, Warren L., Valley City 
Hansen, Alvida L., Mand'an 
Hansen, Hilma S., Mandan 
Hanson, Esther, Jamestown 
Hanson, Sven, Kensel 
Harden, Delia M., Breckenridge, Minn. 
Harris, Lizzie H., McCluskey 
Hatcher, May Napoleon 
Hayden, Sadie, Jamestown 
Healy, Susie, Gilby 

Heiertz, Christine Mary, St. James, Minn. 
Hegg, Anna, Courtenay 
Heimes, Clara Frances, Valley City 
Henderson, Jennie G., Dazey 
Hendrickson, Emma N., Mandan 
Hennessy, Mae, Ambrose 
Henry, Georgia, Valley City 
Herziger, Genevieve L., Valley City 
Heskett, Liva J., Pinto 
Hickner, Irene L., Colgan 
Higgins, Bennet, LaMoure 
Hjorth, Louise, Kensel 
Hoflen, Mabel C, Rutland 
Hoggarth, Florence, Hannaford 
Hohaus, Grace, Forman 
Hohaus, Ida E., Forman 
Hollingsworth, Ethel A., Cleveland 
Holmile, Clare, Larson 
Holmquist, Amy H., Underwood 
Homme, Lena, Shevenne 
Holt, Ella A., Voltaice 
Horn, Johanna, Carrington 
Horte, Nora S., Velva 
Howard. Leona, Elm wood, Wis. 
Howe, Mabel Eleanor, Glover 
Howell, Georgia, Elliott 
Hrabe, Nettie, Knox 
Hunter, J. E. Cleveland 
Hubbard, Lucy Inez, Hazelton 
Hurley, Lula, Edgeley 
Hurst, Ida, St. Thomas 
Hustad, Sidney, Adrian 
Hutchings, Zoe F., Sheldon 
Hutchings, S. Clarissa, Sheldon 
Hutchison, Belle, New Rockford 
Ihde, Ella Fredrica, Fingal 
Inwood, Ella A. 

Irey, Fransile, Pelican Rapids, Minn. 
Isakson, Cora A., Ft. Ranson 
Iverson, Anna M., Englevale 
Iverson, Lillian, Newark, S. D. 
Jacobsen, Paula, Nome 
James, Iva A., Ashtubula 
Jennings, John R., Pigeon Falls, Wis. 
Jensen, Alma, Fosston, Minn. 
Jewett, Mary E., Center 
Johannsen, Malinda, McHenry 
Johnson, Alma, Tolley 
Johnson, Hilda, Cooperstown 
Johnson, Louise, Cooperstown 
Johnson, Cora L., Gem 
Johnson, Betsey, Cooperstown 
Johnson, Freda, Washburn 
Johnson, Georgia R., Noel 
Johnson, Lily jeannette, Cooperstown 
Johnson, Ole M., Sheldon 
Johnson, Sarah S., New Rockford 



Johnson, Alma Theoline, Fargo 

Johnston, Anna May, Jamestown 

Jones, Mabel, Valley City 

Jones, Joseph E., Litchville 

Jones, Agnes, Sanborn 

Jones, Rebecca E., Hankinson 

Kass, Louise, Hannaford 

Kaufman, Glade, Lisbon 

Keating, Celia C, Eckelson 

Kee, Blanche Mina, Sanborn 

Keeler, Salena L., Mason City, Iowa 

Kcine, Mildred M., New Rockford 

Kelly, Marie, Lawler, Iowa 

Kennedy, Margaret M., Regent 

Kenny, Kathryn, Scranton 

Kerber, Anna, Hannaford 

Kerber, Hilda, Hannaford 

Kimball, Lenora, Lisbon 

King, Inez, Gem 

King, Pearl, McLeod 

Kirkpatrick, Agnes D. M., Cathay 

Kittel, Mary Elizabeth.^ Edmunds 

Klier, Emma Louise, Bisbee 

Klope, Selma Margaret, Eldridge 

Kloubec, Carrie A., LaMoure 

Klubben, Regina, Cooperstown 

Klubben, Bertha, Cooperstown 

Knapp, Marjorie E., Lisbon 

Kraemer, Emma, Goodrich 

Kramer, Margaret L., Valley City 

Kramer, Sophia G., Valley City 

Krogan, Emma, Litchville 

Kruse, Marie, Jamestown 

Kuhlmeier, Matilda, Bowdon 

Kulilemeyer, Meta, Lanona 

Kuntz, Florence, Valley City 

Kuntz, Otto, Valley City 

Kupperschnidt, Maggie, Jamestown 

Lahlum, Edith, Valley City 

Lander, Mathilda J., Cooperstown 

Lannon, Grace, Valley City 

Larsen, Ella C, Hope, 

Larsen, Louella, La Crosse, Wis. 

Larsen, Ragnhild E., Fargo 

Larson, Anna B., Minneota, Minn. 

Larson, Matilda Gertrude, Lynd, Minn. 

Larson, Augusta M., Glover 

Langen, Elva, Rushford, Minn. 

Lea, Nellie M., Adrain 

Leppert, Fred, Alexander 

Libakken, Ida, Forman 

Linstad, Lena Sims 

Little, Anna K., Floyd 

Livingston, Anna M., Hope 

Livingston, Belle, Hope 

Loury, Martha E., Hankinson 

Luessen, Alma, Valley City j 

Lund, Jean P , Powers Lake 

Lusk, Iola Agnes, Edmunds 

Lyken, Agnes, Cogswell 

McAusker, Grace, Lisbon 

McCann, Margaret, Verona 

McCulloch, Clarence Earl, Cooperstown 

McCullough, Lois, Milton 

McCurdy, Maurice E., Leal 

McCuskS , Cathrine, Lisbon 

McDonell, Amy Winefred, Valley City 

McDowall, Lila, Carson 

McGinnes, Edith F., Dogtooth 

McGraw, Vera. Cogswell 

Mclntyre, Thos. A., Valley City 

McKnight, Ethyl, Langdon 

McLees, Wilma, Sheldon 

McLeod, Mary Louise, Wolf Point, Mont 

McMartin, Alice, St. Thomas 

McMartin, Dora, St. Thomas 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



McMichael, Belle, Hope 
McNeil, Byrdie B., Elysian, Minn. 
McPherson, Jessie M., Valley City 
Maasjo, Olga, Fingal 
Maasjo, Mabel, Fingal 
Manapan, Mary F., New Rockford 
Marr, Louise M., Leonard 
Marriage, Beatrice, New Rockford 
Marsh, Jennie, Tower City 
Marquart, Mabel A., Mandan 
Mathwig, Marie Agnes, Jamestown 
Maloney, Nellie I., Montrose, S. D. 
Meadows, Orra, Mott 
Melby, Thea, Elbow Lake, Minn. 
Meldahl, Anna, Valley City 
Michel, Mary, New Rockford 
Mickelson, Emma G., Valley City 
Miller, Helen, Syreston 
Miller, Lucy P., Dawson 
Milne, Ida Mae, Courtenay 
Moe, Anna A., Kindred 
Moine, Grace L., Briscoll 
Monahan, Kathryn, New Rockford 
Monahan, Elizabeth, New Rockford 
Monson, Anna J., Fingal 
Monson, Johanna F., Kindred 
Morley, Ethel, Goodrich 
Morley, Kate, Goodrich 
Morris, Sarah, Bismarck 
Morrow, Elnor Maude, Mandan 
Morton, Hattie M., Anamoose 
Morton, Roy E., Anamoose 
Murray, Etta E., Lisbon 
Murray, May, Wahpeton 
Myers. Gladys Honor, Hurdsfield 
Myhre, Mollie G., Colfax 
Myhve, Ida Amanda, Valley City 
Naaden, Rasmina, Winona 
Nagle, Edyth, Jamestown 
Nakievel, James E., Becker, Minn. 
Natwick, Olga H., Viroqua, Wis. 
Natwick, Jilda R., Viroqua, Wis. 
Naughtom Mary, Matteson 
Nelson, Cornie, Tappen 
Nelson, Edith, Madison, S. D. 
Nelson, Effie, Underwood, Minn. 
Nelson, Ida, Dazey 
Nelson, Lizzie A., Madison, S. D. 
Nelson, Myrtie, Bowman 
Nelson, Olpa, Goodrich 
Nepstad, Emma, Oakes 
Newman, Mildred E., Esmond 
Niland, Mattie E., McHenry 
Nordtorp, Emma, Manfred 
Norgard, Berit, Valley City 
Nunn, Fred A., Sheyenne 
Nupen, Ellen, Steele 
O'Brien, Mary, Jamestown 
Ohman, Teckla, Souris 
Olin, Anna H., Sims 
Olmsted, Orelly, Litchville 
Olmsted, Wm. P., Litchville 
Olsgard, Charlotte, McVille 
Olsen, Alice M., Oakes 
Olson, Jennie T., Valley City 
Olson, Isabelle M., Hastings 
Ostering, Florence, Blue Grass 
Overton, Iva E., Hobson 
Ozbin, Marie Taye, Flasker 
Palmer, Nellie M., LaMoure 
Parker, Lyle, Earlville, Iowa 
Peake, George T., Valley City 
Pederson, Bessie, Wimbledon 
Pederson, Dena, Nome 
Pendroy, Beatrice, Villand 
Pcricle, Grayce, Milnor 



Pericle, Stella, McLeod 

Peterson, Adolph S., Litchville 

Peterson, Anna Laura, Jamestown 

Peterson, Hattie Elizabeth, Hudson, Wis. 

Peterson, Nina C, St. Ansgar, Iowa 

Peterson, Mrs. Will, Mooretown 

Peterson, Anna M., Hannaford 

Peterson, Jennv, McHenry 

Phillips, Myrtle, Chaffee 

Pich, Lillie M., Enderlin 

Pierson, Lillian Irene, Sheyenne 

Plummer, Delia E., Maza 

Pollow, Gertrude Mae, Carrington 

Pomranke, Laura I., Sheyenne 

Posey, Alice, Courtenay 

Prine, Ruth E., Woolnough, Minn. 

Qualey, Ruth Amelia, Valley City 

Quail, Selma, Lisbon 

Rabhes, Maybell, Pingree 

Raettig, Lillian, Carrington 

Radtke, Martha O., Ypsilanti 

Randall, Gran tie E., Trettim 

Ratzlaff, Charlotte K. L., Valley City 

Ratzlaff, Minnie, Valley City 

Raymond, Ethel M. 

Reagan, Alice, Jamestown 

Reed, Joseph Francis, Stivenson 

Reiner, Fred J.. Geneseo, 111. 

Reilly, Ora, LaMoure 

Reiten, Lena S., Hastings 

Reiten, Oley L., Kathryn 

Rhinehart, Alice. Anselm 

Richart, Blanche B., Kensel, 

Rickerd, Birdie, Collins 

Riebe, Lydia, Pingree 

Riemer, Charlotte, Jamestown 

Rognaldson, Ella C, Enderlin 

Rorvig, Olga B., Mose 

Rorvig, Lottie, Mose 

Rothenberg, Emma, Marion 

Rude, Chester Arthur, Valley City 

Rutherford, Jane, Sheldon 

Ryden, Florence J., Kensel 

Saldin, Hilder, Dawson, Minn. 

Sandberg, Clara A., Valley City 

Sandberg, Delia, Valley City 

Sarvis, Ewart S., Lanona 

Sarvis, Olive M., Lanona 

Sauer, Mary V., Fingal 

Saunders, Jean N., Doyon 

Savage, Sara J., Fargo 

Scanton, Esther, Marion 

Schafer, Joseph, Chilton, Wis. 

Scheldrup, Frances, Cogswell 

Schies, Angilina, Ypsilanti 

Schmid, Pearle R., LaMoure 

Schmidt, Lena Katherine, Abercrombie 

Schmidt, Stella, Montpelier 

Schony, Carrie, Steele 

Schroeder, Clara S., Valley City 

Schroeder, Corelia, Valley City 

Schuster, Anna, Calio 

Schwelling, Theresa, Valley City 

Scott, Emma Agnes, Wogansport 

Seastrand, Genevieve, Sheyenne 

Seivert, May A., Lynchbvirg 

Selden, Chas. W., Vallev Citv 

Selden, Eleanor B., Valiey City 

Sellie, Clara, Sorkness 

Sellie, Huldah, Sorkness 

Serbo, Nora S., Reynolds 

Seversen, Annie, Kathryn 

Seymour, Maud, Kramer 

Shadduck, Virran, Vallev City 

Shaw Ethel Maude, Sheldon 

Shaw, Mildred, Harvey 



VALLEY CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Shea, Julia, Sheldon 
Shennun, Annie, Tower City 
Sherlock, Kathryn, Valley City 
Sherry, Katherine, Valley City 
Shipstead, Laura, Georgeville, Minn. 
Shirk, Jay B., Hurdsfield 
Sievert, Anna, Marshall 
Simonsen, Jenny O., Wahpeton 
Sisell, Esther M., Garrison 
Siverts, Catherine, Marshall 
Sjulli, Elvira, Litchville 
Skidmore, Mrs. Nettie, Valley City 
Skipton, Clara Lucile, Kasota, Minn. 
Small, Helen Mitchell, Crary 
Smedshammer, Cora, Litchville 
Smedshammer, Carrie, Litchville 
Smedshammer, Gine, Litchville 
Smith, Elaine Rose, New Rockford 
Gooderstrom, Victoria, Griffin 
Sortlard. Rachel, Litchville 
Sowden, Emma, Valley City 
Spanfler, Anna, Jamestown 
Stafford, Maude R., New Rockford 
Stahlem, Mamie Florence, Valley City 
Stai, Lena, Cooperstown 
Stauffer, Hazel L., Dazey 
Stauffer, Ava E., Dazey 
Stauton, Edna H., New Rockford 
Steinback, Elizabeth, New Rockford 
Stillings, Mabel, Valley City 
Stillman, Marnie, Detroit, Minn. 
Strong, Ella Florence, Cando 
Strong, Ethel S., Milnor 
Stuewig, Delia, Valley City 
Stuff, Dorothy, Jamestown 
Sullivan, Ruth, McCluskey 
Sullivan, Elizabeth, McCluskey 
Susses, Flora B., Hope 
Sutterlin, Lena S., St. Thomas 
Sutterlin, Lily E., St. Thomas 
Swanson, Axel F., Valley City 
Swanson, Bessie, Chaseley 
Swanson, Matilda, Ettrick, Wis. 
Swenson, Nora Ovida, Valley City 
Swigginn, Ella, Viroqua, Wis. 
Tabbert, Anna E., Sanborn 
Tangen, Peter C, Pekin 
Tangney, Maggie M., Edmunds 
Tangney, Nora E.. Edmunds 
Taylor, J. F., Leal 
Taylor, Mary A., Dazey 
Teague, Sara M., Charlson 



Thomson, Elizabeth A., Pingree 
Thoreson, Esther, Hannaford 

Thorud, Margaret, Kathryn 

Thune, Mrs. Marie C, Kathryn 

Tillson, Florence S., Carrington 

Tollefson, Arthur, Finley 

Torbenson, Emma, Lisbon 

Toriin, Dora, Sheldon 

Truax, Clara M., Steele 

Truax, Verna E., Steele 

Trude, Josephine, Detroit, Minn. 

Turney, Austin H., Russell 

Ufer, Anna, Leonard 

Ulrich, Louise, St. Peter, Minn. 

Van Passell, Ginevia, Jamestown 

Vie, Mrs. Elsora, Braddock 

Wagle, Anna M., Valley City 

Wagle, Marie, Valiev City 

Wagle, Oliva, Valley City 

Walberg, Jennie, Hannaford 

Walker, Bessie Maie, Ft. Ransom 

Walker, Lettie J., Ft. Ransom 

Walker, Corrol L., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Walton, Angie, Carrington 

Wampler, Richard Lee, Bainbridge, Ind. 

Wankey, William L., Cooperstown 

Ward, Elnora M., Edmunds 

Warren, Olive May, Spring Valley, Minn. 

Washburn, Florence Mae, Mercer 

Webester, Lennie, Lisbon 

Weiler, Louise Bertha, Lisbon 

Weiler, Edw. J., Lisbon 

Weiler, Rose Barbara, Lisbon 

Wetherbee, Eunice Adele, Fairmount 

Whalian, Emmett. Fingal 

Wicks, Marie A., Jamestown 

Wiechman, Emelv, Courtenay 

Wilke, Ella, Valier, Mont. 

Williams, Florence, Fairmount 

Wilson, A. C, Valley City 

Wilson, Troy T., Osnabroak 

Windtke, Emil A., Cleveland 

Wing, Anna E., Middle River, Minn. 

Woll, Henry L., Arville 

Wool, Mary, Barnes 

Woodard, Calista, Judson 

Wray, A. Thomas, Flora, Ind. 

Wunn, John William, Forman 

Young, Jessie Eaton, Valley City 

Zabel, Amanda Louise, Valley City 

Zabel, Elsie Estella, Valley City 



Conservatory of Music. 



HOWARD E. GOODSELL, DEAN 
INSTRUCTOR IN VOICE 



Anderson, Cuyler, Valley City 
Anderson, Howard, Valley City 
Beadle, Emily, Valiev City 
Blank, Etta, Valley City 
Brink, Ralph, Buffalo 
Bublitz, William, Valiev City 
Burkholder, Lutie V., Valley City 
Chambard, Una, St. James, Minn. 
Clark, Elizabeth, Valley City 
Combs, Mrs. Lee, Valley City 
Ensey, Katherine, Valley City 



Grady, Mrs. James, Valley City 
Grenwald, Ema, Valley City 
Gullickson, Bertha M., Enderlin 
Hyde, L. P., Valiev Citv 
Kasberg, Lubena, Valley City 
Macdonald, Mrs. K. B., Valley City 
McFarland, R. Kenneth, Valley City 
Norton, Susan, Valley City 
Oppegard, Carrie, Valley City 
Peterson, Bertha, Stanton 
Skorpen, Thomas, Valley City 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



JEANNETTE DEDRICK — VOICE 



Anderson, Cora A., Bathgate 
Berlin, Geraldine, Wimbledon 
Douglas, Laura M., Pembina 
Funfar, Mary L., Glenville 
Getchell, Levi, Valley City 
Lannon, Bessie, Valley City 
Mann, Lena. New Salem 



Marvel, Nellie, Brittin 
Miller, Emma, Fargo 
Morden, Mabel H , Cavalier 
Murray, Etta, Lisbon 
Nankivel, James E., Beckc- 
Peake, Esther, Valley City 
Wilson, Lubelle, Fargo 



MABEL E. UNDERWOOD — PIANO 



Barry, Aimee, Hermann, Minn. 
Bate, Lnis, Sanborn 
Blank, Etta, Valley City 
Brander, Jennie M., Souris 
Briggs, Mrs. Ed., Valley City 
Buchholz, Paul E., Davenport 
Callender, Ruth, Valley City 
Campbell, Cora I., Wyndmere 
Chaffee, Helen, Valley City 
Cham bard, Una, St. James 
Codding, Clare, Valley City 
Codding, Jessie, Valley City 
Cruden, Catherine, Amenia 
Eidsvig, Martha, Eastedge 
Fristad, Millie, Norma 
Gartside, E. Lydia, Glen Ullin 
Hageman, Mildred, Clinton, Minn. 
Hedstrom, Florence, Valley City 
Jones, Flossie, Steele 
Jones, Minnie C, Mercer 
McAndrew, Gertrude, Cogswell 
McFarland, Genevieve, Valley City 



McKay, Gladys M., Grand Harbor 
McLennen, Mae, Enderlin 
McMichael, Irene, Hope 
Menard, Genevieve, Wilton 
Meyer, Mrs. J. B., Valley City 
Moe, Ida, Valley City 
Myhro, Ida, Valley City 
Peterson, Annie P., Sheyenne 
Peterson, Bessie, Wimbledon 
Pound, Grace, Guildford, Mont. 
Scheidt, Hulda, Kulm 
Schulstad, Olivy, Reynolds 
Si verts, Minnie, Marshall 
Stevens, Blanche, Oakes 
Stevens, Faith, Oakes 
Stansbury, Mamie, Finley 
Story, Mabel, Valley City 
Swenson, Florence, Valley City 
Towne, Doris, Valley City 
Towne, Marian, Valley City 
Trotter. Lillian, Valley City 
Weichmann, Lucy, Courtenay 



LILLIAN G. HEALY — PIANO 



Barr, Walter, Valley City 
Berlin, Geraldine, Wimbledon 
Brindle, Laitra L., Hazelton 
Bublitr, Louise, Valley City 
Carr, Earl, Valley City 
Chamberlain, Florence, Valley City 
Downie, Florence, Lignite 
Hoflen, Pearl, Rutland 
Faust, Marcus, Valley City 
Getchell, Josephine, Vallev City 
Granger, Allen. Valley City 



Isensee, Mayme, Oriska 
Lannon, Bessie, Valley City 
Lovelace, Florence, Ft. Ransom 
Mason, Blanche G., Valley City 
Meldahl, Thora, Valley City 
Miller, Emma, Fargo 
Nienas, Mary, Valley City 
Peake, Esther A., Valley City 
Pray, Russell, Valley City 
Rathje, Esther Tower City 
Sutterlin. Lena, St. Thomas 



KNUTE FROYSAA — VIOLIN 



Baarstad, Peter, Valley City 
Borthwick, Mamie, Hamar 
Clare, Codding, Valley City 
Esby, Oliver, Valley City 
Foster, Lucile L., Valley City 
Foster, Roland, Valley City 
Furber, Louise, Valley City 
Hedstrom, Adolpha, Valley City 
Jensen, H. H., Valley City 
McAndrew, Julia, Valley City 
Moore, Mrs. C. E., Valley City 
Nelson, Lloyd, Valley City 
Norgaard, Ben, Valley City 



Olson, Carl, Valley City 
Oppegaard, Carl, Valley City 
Pray, Frances, Vallev City 
Pray, Ralph, Valley City 
Rathje, Robert, Valley City 
Raub, Jacob, Valley City 
Riebe, Helena, Pingree 
Schroeder, Cornelia, Valley City 
Skonnard, Richard, Valley City 
Storey, Sam, Valley City 
Winterer Harriet, Valley City 
Winterer, Hermoine, Valley City 



ALICE W. BENHAM — EXPRESSION 



Hageman, Mildred, Clinton, Minn. 
Hansen, Belle 
McAndrew, Julia, Cogswell 
Skonnard, Richard, Valley City 



Skromme, Linda, Valley City 
Schroeder, Cornelia, Valley City 
Riebe, Helena Pingree 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Students of the Model School 



KINDERGARTEN — TABLE III 



Bourbonuais Clifton, 
Davis, Winifred, 
Davidson, Victor 
Earley. Florence 
Feldman, Alfred 
Feldman, Milton 
Jacobson, Paul 
Lees, Dietta 
Miller, Elsie 



Neubauer, Grace 
Padden, Thomas 
Peterson, Selma 
Raymond, Florence 
Risa, Cora 
Shrum, Robert 
Spearin, Ruth 
Stephenson, Arthur 
Wessel, Dorothy 



KINDERGARTEN — TABLE II 



Bakken, Leonard 
Barr, Irene 
Bonhus, Ruth 
Boyd, Burton 
Brown Helen 
Englert, Beatrice 
Gad, Angela 



Mclsaacs, Joseph 
Padden, Margaret 
Root, Helen 
Sad, Johanna 
Shrum, Chester 
Wright, John 



KINDERGARTEN — TABLE I 



Bradley, Dorotha 
Combs, Lee 
Dean, Helen 
Featherstone, Nancy 
Flora, Frank- 
Greenwood, William 
Mhyro, Margaret 



Nearing, Clara 
Palmer, Jessie 
Raub, Charline 
Richardson, Agnes 
Riedman, Alice 
Stephenson, Donald 



FIRST GRADE — GROUP ONE — EIGHT 



Beleal, Arthur 
Boyd, Leonora, 
Burke, Jack 
Eggert, Myrtle 



Gilbertson, Carrie 
Lovely, John 
Olson, Frances 
Skorpen, Judith 



FIRST GRADE — GROUP TWO — EIGHT 



Arneson, Swanhild 
Bonhus, Jorgen 
Combs, James 
Lee, Hans 



McMullen, Catherine 
Packard, Beryl 
Sorras, Adolf 
Tyler, Fay 



FIRST GRADE — GROUP THREE — SEVEN 



Corby Gordon 
Dean, Edwin 
Hardwick, Arthur 
Miller, Ruth 



Pederson, Edwin 
Reidman, Rose 
White, Richard 



Bakken, Erling 
Burke, Charles 
Ferguson, Ralph 
Heyerdahl, Myrtle 



SECOND GRADE — GROUP ONE — SEVEN 

Johnson, Aslof 
Newbauer, Delois 
Sorros, Harold 



Bettin, Elsie 
Engdahl, Arnold 
Grady, Ainslee 
Harvey, Lenley 
McFarland, Pauline 
Miller, Annie 



SECOND GRADE — GROUP TWO — ELEVEN 

Petterson, Dagny 
Stephenson, Ethel 
Tenney, Katherine 
Town, Leslie 
Wallace, Charles 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



THIRD GRADE — FIRST GROUP — EIGHT 



Bettin, Alma 
Codding. Walter 
Earley, Eleanor 
Jacobson, Elsie 



Myhro, Helen 
Nokken, Leonard 
Olson, Willard 
Wessel, Alice 



THIRD GRADE — SECOND GROUP — NINE 



Boyd, Ella May_ 
DeLancey, Archie 
Field, Erling 
Nelson, Anna 
Sad, Anna 



Simenson, Kenneth 
Stephenson, Albert 
Swenson, Walter 
Turk, Hilda 



FOURTH GRADE — FIRST GROUP — SIX 



Anderson, Charles 
Armstrong, Frank 
Barr, Lydia 



Chaffee, Homer 
Shrum, Leone 
Towne, Winifred 



FOURTH GRADE — SECOND GROUP — FIVE 



Johnson, Ernest 
Pederson, Amanda 
Sec or, Robert 



Selden, Dorothy 
Sevenson, Gladys 



Zeilesch, Johanna 



SPECIAL CLASS — TWO 

Zeilesch, Margaret 



FIFTH GRADE — THIRTY ONE 



Hass, Agnes 
Anderson, Christine 
Anderson, Viola 
Axel, Carl 
Bakken, Myrtle 
Bemis, Leo 
Bettin, Lena 
Corby, Lillian 
Co well, Vera 
Earley, Alice 
Eggert, Herman 
Dilley, Paul 
Falstead, Florence 
Hart, Ruth 
Holzman, Dorothy 
Jensen, Sigfrid 



Johnson, Edna 
Johnson, Carrie 
Lampman, Frances 
Larson, John 
Lovely, Helen 
Miller, Blanche 
Miller, Walter 
Olson, Bennie 
Olson, Ethel 
Peterson, Bjorg 
Rhodes, Olive 
Sites, Elsie 
Swenson, Albert 
Towne, Harvey 
Wallace, Bessie 



SIXTH GRADE — FIFTEEN 



Bakken, Barney 
Baugeter, Rose 
Codding, Hu le}' 
Dilley, James 
Ferguson, Clifford 
Field, Gladys 
Larson, Frances 



Moe, Harry 
Peterson, Asta 
Sad, John 
Skorpen, Joseph 
Shrum, Clarence 
Siminson, Waldo 
Stephenson, Lome 



SEVENTH A — FOURTEEN 



Carlson, Selma 
Chaffee, Helen 
Corby, Porter 
Cowell, Vaughn 
Dean, Geita 
Ellingson, Minnie 
Gordon, Phoebe 



Jacobson, Effie 
Johnson, Oscar 
Nordgaard, Obert 
Rude, Marion 
Sites, Clarence' 
Skorpen, Agnes 
Tenney, George 



VALLEY 



CITY 



NORMAL 



SCHOOL 



Axel, Oscar 
Bettin, Anna 
Buck, Charles 
Cornish, Jennie 
Critchiield, Myrtle 
Davidson, Martha 
Furgeson, Fred 



SEVENTH B — THIRTEEN 

Holzman, Elsie 
Moe, Arthur 
Noltimier, Walter 
Norgard, Minnie 
Shatter, Herbert 
Stenshoel, Alice 



Bakken, Howard 
Engdahl, Ruth 
Farnham, Doris 
Field, Harold 
Glesta, Ida 



EIGHTH A — NINE 



Gusass, Helen 
Johnson, Olga 
McCready, Harley 
Swenson, Minnie 



Aas, Oliver 
Davidson, Palmer 
Heyerdahl, Carl 



EIGHTH B — SIX 



Pederson, Emma 
Towne, Doris 
Towne, Marion 



Armstrong, Gladys 
Cannon, Iva 
Carlson, Clarence 
Carr, Irl 



EIGHTH C — EIGHT 



Erickson, Helen 
Falstad, Hilda 
Lewzader, Ada 
Pederson, Esther 



Summary. 



NORMAL DEPARTMENT: 

Class of 1911 149 

Special Students 23 

Commercial 50 

Undergraduates 400 

Summer School 645 - 1267 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC: 

Voice 36 

Piano 66 

Violin 25 

Expression 7 - 134 

PRACTICE SCHOOL: 

Kindergarten 44 

First Grade 23 

Second Grade 18 

Third Grade 17 

Fourth Grade 13 

Fifth Grade 32 

Sixth Grade 14 

Seventh Grade 27 

Eighth Grade 23 211 



Total 1612 

Counted twice 119 



1493 



ENROLLMENT BY TERMS 



Fall Term, 1909 487 Fall Term, 1910 500 

Winter Term, 1909-10 573 Winter Term, 1910-11 541 

Spring Term, 1910 424 Spring Term, 1911 458 

Total 1484 Total 1499 

Number in Normal Department who have taught 121 

Average number of terms taught 4 

Average age of students in Normal Department 20 

Average age of students attending summer school 22 

The following counties were represented in the institution during 
the school year 1910-11, not including summer school: Adams, 
Barnes, Benson, Billings, Bottineau, Bowman, Burleigh, Cass, Cavalier, 
Dickey, Divide, Dunn, Eddy, Emmons, Foster, Grand Forks, Griggs, 
Hettinger, Kidder, LaMoure, Logan, McHenry, McLean, Mcintosh, 
Morton, Nelson, Oliver, Pembina, Pierce, Ramsey, Ransom, Richland, 
Rolette, Sargent, Sheridan, Stark, Steele, Stutsman, Towner, Walsh, 
Ward, Wells and Williams. 

The following states were represented: Illinois, Iowa, Maine, 
Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Missouri, North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Wisconsin, Indiana, and Canada.